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"The most important historical site" Topkapi Palace Tip by viddra

Topkapi Palace, Istanbul: 275 reviews and 646 photos

  Sultan Ahmed III's Fountain
by viddra
  • Sultan Ahmed III's Fountain - Istanbul
      Sultan Ahmed III's Fountain
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  • The most important historical site - Istanbul
  • The most important historical site - Istanbul

Topkapi Palace Museum (Topkapi Sarayi Müzesi) from 1465 to 1853 served as the main residence of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire and the headquarters of their government.

Construction of the palace began in 1459 on the order of Sultan Muhammad II, who had conquered Constantinople six years before. Muhammad installed his court in the palace in 1465. After numerous expansions and occasional fires, the court was moved to the Dolmabahçe Palace in 1853. The Topkapi Palace served as a residence for the harems of former sultans until 1909. It became a museum in 1924, after the founding of the Republic of Turkey.

The palace is surrounded by 5km long walls and is protected by 28 towers.

Topkapi’s buildings, separated by gates between four large courtyards and several gardens, include the divan, in which the grand viziers and other government officials worked; a school for the Ottoman civil service; and private quarters, such as the palace kitchens, the imperial wardrobe, and the harem’s living quarters.

The museum’s exhibits, displayed in these and other buildings, include selections from the sultans’ collections of clocks, armor, and weapons; Chinese and European ceramics and glassware; imperial costumes; and diamonds and other jewels. The museum also houses relics of the prophet Muhammad.

The most important historical site in Istanbul was named Topkapi after the huge cannons in front of the doors of the palace.

Address: Sultanahmet
Phone: +90 212 512 0480

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  • Updated Apr 12, 2007
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