"Red Square’s Iberian Gate and Chapel" Red Square Tip by WorldPassenger
Red Square, Moscow: 122 reviews and 197 photos
Also known as the Resurrection Gate, it connects the north-western end of Red Square with Manege Square. The gate adjoins the ornate building of the Moscow City Hall to the east (left) and the State Historical Museum to the west (right).
Since 1669, a chapel has stood in front of the Iberian Gate. It houses a replica of the holy icon of Theotokos, whose original is preserved in the Georgian Iveron monastery on Mount Athos. Hence, the name Iversky (that is, "Iberian") that stuck both to the chapel and the gate. In 1781, the Nikolo-Perervinsky Monastery constructed a new brick chapel on the spot. The star-splattered cupola of the structure was topped with a statue of an angel bearing a cross.
Both the gate and the chapel were demolished in 1931 in order to make room for heavy military vehicles driving through Red Square during military parades. Fortunately, both structures were completely rebuilt in 1994-1996.
According to a popular custom, everyone heading for Red Square or the Kremlin visited the chapel to pay homage to the shrine. The ever-overcrowded chapel, with candles burning day and night, figures in works by Leo Tolstoy, Ivan Bunin, Marina Tsvetayeva, and H.G. Wells, to name only a few.
Directions: Center of Moscow
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