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Early in 1852, the Government sent up Surveyor W H Urquhart to lay out a township. He quickly saw that low-lying Main Road was an unsuitable spot.
For a while he considered the high land near the present junction of Humffray and Grant Streets, but he finally decided to get out of the population areas and lay his township upon the plateau. He meant the new township to go north and south.
Lydiard Street was to be the main official street, with public offices, churches, banks and hotels; Armstrong Street was to be the main business street; Doveton Street, the residential street, while cross streets were named Dana, Sturt and Mair Streets.
On 5th May 1857, the first municipal Council met at the Golden Fleece Hotel in Lydiard Street, with James Oddie as the first Chairman. A pipe was laid from the lake. It went underground, along Webster, Drummond and Sturt Street till it came to where the Burke and Wills Monument stands today. Here came the carriers with their water carts which they filled from the stand pipe, and then hawked the water around the Town, selling it at 10 shillings per car load.
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