"Through the centuries ..." Art Nouveau - Jugendstil Tip by TheWanderingCamel
Art Nouveau - Jugendstil, Vienna: 55 reviews and 144 photos
Hoeher Markt, the oldest market square in the city, hides a secret. Long before this space was a market place, it was part of the Roman city of Vindobona. Underneath the office buidings, cars parked in the square and the tourist-carrying fiakers lie the remnants of the Roman barracks that stood here in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, all that remains of the Commander's Palace where the Emperor Marcus Aurelius died in 180AD. This was all discovered during the rebuilding of the square following the devastation of WWII.
The city's first mint was built here in 1194, and by 1223 the market was already being referred to as the "forum altum" - the old market. Fish, cloth, shoes, beeswax, bread and more were sold here through the 14th and 15th centuries. By the 16th century the craftsmen had moved to selling from their own workshops, and in 1753 the fish market was moved to a position near the river. A general weekly market still operated in the square, right up until the beginning of WWII. The square was very badly damaged during the war however, and postwar rebuilding saw the most of the damaged buildings being replaced with bland office buildings and the market did not return.
Two very different eras of Viennese style are represented in a Baroque fountain, known as the Nuptial Fountain for its beautiful sculpture of the betrothal of the Virgin Mary and St Joseph, and the Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) Anker Clock.
The fountain was commisssioned by the Emperor Leopold I in thanksgiving for the safe return of his son from war in the early 1700s. The clock was commissioned by an insurance company in 1914 in the great tradition of mediaeval astronomical clocks such as the ones in Prague and Cologne. Every hour figures from Viennese history, from Marcus Aurelius to the Empress Maria Theresa and Joseph Haydn parade across the clock in ones and twos, though, come midday, they all come out .... and so do the tourists.
Address: Archaeology museum - 3 Hoher Markt
Directions: The museum is sometimes closed, calling ahead is advisable
U - Stephansplatz
Phone: Museum - +1 43 535 56 06
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