"Monaco- History (cont)" Monaco Favorite Tip by Kuznetsov_Sergey
Monaco General: 125 reviews and 124 photos
Favorite thing: In 1506 the Monegasques withstood a four month long siege by a Genoan army ten times their size. Luciano Grimaldi, Lord of Monaco, showed his bravery on this occasion. But although the Grimaldi had been obliged to become soldiers, they had not lost their traditional intelligence in the sphere of politics and human relations. When subjected in 1509 to French sovereignty, they were able enough to approach the Spanish sphere of influence. The Treaties of Burgos and Tordesillas (1524) recognized the full autonomy of this small state. Augustin Grimaldi, bishop of Grasse, was placed at the head of the government. Thus a tiny state was born which had as its protector the most powerful monarch in Christendom - the Emperor Charles V. This same Emperor stayed in the castle for three days in the year 1529 on the occasion of one of his journeys to Italy. But the Grimaldi's did not wish to remain for ever under Spanish tutelage in a prolonged and lazy infancy. Honore II - who was the first to bear the title of Prince -, showing subtle awareness, signed a secret treaty with Richelieu in 1641.
Fondest memory: After this, the Princes of Monaco enjoyed the protection of France and even lived at the court of this friendly country. These were the good years of the last of the Louis and no one could foresee the coming of the Revolution when all Europe was astounded by the happenings in Paris. Honore III, Prince of Monaco, was dethroned and imprisoned in Paris. The Principality seemed to be floundering in the lands of its new masters. Then the Treaty of Vienna placed Monaco under the protection of Sardinia; Menton and Roquebrune being separated from it, thus reducing the already small area of the country. Monaco remained under Sardinian protection until 1860 when, being weak and dismembered, it was placed once more under the protection of France.
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