"Mission labores" Mission San Jose Tip by TheWanderingCamel
Mission San Jose, San Antonio: 11 reviews and 33 photos
The farms - or "labores" - worked by the Indian converts at the missions were vital to their survival. Each mission had large populations of Indians living both within the mission area and at out-lying ranches and farms. As well as agricultural and pastoral skills, the Indians were taught skills such as black-smithing, weaving, stone masonry, carpentry and fresco painting - all essential to the construction and maintainance of the fabric of the mission buildings. They were also taught to sing and to play European musical instruments - even to dance Spanish dances. All this is evidenced today in the culture of the region - Texas ranching practice owes as much to old Spain as does the music and craftsmanship of the region.
The secularization of the Missions began in 1794, a process which saw the Mission lands being redistributed between families and unmarried adults, it also saw the end of communal living within the Mission compounds with the consequent falling into ruin of the Indian quarters. Mission San Jose has the most complete reconstruction of the Indian quarters of any of the missions, but anyone keen on history will find much to interest them in the ruins and grounds that surround the other missions.
Address: Roosevelt Avenue
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