"Insurgents in communist Poland" Top 5 Page for this destination Monument to the Ghetto Uprising Tip by matcrazy1
Monument to the Ghetto Uprising, Warsaw: 114 reviews and 380 photos
The last display in the Warsaw Uprising Museum shows tragic fates of Warsaw insurgents in communist Poland under Soviet occupation, rule and influence. I've seen the propaganda posters published by communist authorities showing soldiers of AK (Home Army) as dangerous enemies of the Polish nation. The first poster is titled: "The giant and wretched midget" where the giant is Polish-Soviet soldier while the wretched midget is the Home Army soldier. The second poster is titiled: "We will crush vermins." A vermin was a common therm used by communists to name AK soldiers and enemies of communist country after WWII.
Most soldiers of the Home Army, including those who took part in the Warsaw Uprising, were persecuted after the war: captured by the NKVD or UB, interrogated and imprisoned, awaiting trials on various charges. Many of them were sent to gulags or executed or just "disappeared".
In the museum I've seen large picture and information on the best known "Trial of the Sixteen", a staged trial of 16 leaders of the Polish Secret State held by the Soviet Union in Moscow in 1945. The last Commander in Chief of the Home Army General Leopold Okulicki "Niedzwiadek" was sentenced for 10 years in prison and murdered on Christmas Eve of 1946 in Butyrka prison in Moscow. Stanislaw Jankowski, deputy Prime Minister of Poland and the Government Delegate was sentenced for 8 years in prison was never released, died in a Soviet prison in 1953, two weeks before the end of his sentence; probably murdered.
Most of Home Army soldiers sent to POW camps in Germany were more lucky being later liberated by British, American and Polish forces. They couldn't come back to Poland till 1989 and remained in the West, uprising leaders among them: Tadeusz Bor-Komorowski and Antoni Chrusciel (in London and the United States, respectively).
Address: Ul. Grzybowska 79, 00-844 Warszawa; Polska
Directions: In centre - some 1.3 km northwest of Central Railway Station. Entrance and parking in Przyokopowa St. (one-way: only northward traffic). Map here
Phone: +48 (22) 539 79 01
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