"CARTAGENA, city in northern..." Colombia Things to Do Tip by viajeromaga
Colombia Things to Do: 240 reviews and 516 photos
<font color=#3333CC>CARTAGENA, city in northern Colombia, capital of Bolívar Department, a seaport on the Caribbean Sea. The city is on an island formed by a shallow extension of the harbor, one of the best in northern South America. Cartagena is connected by a causeway with the mainland. The older part of the city contains two old forts and is surrounded by a wall 12 m (40 ft) thick in places, constructed in Spanish colonial times. Among the notable buildings of the city are the cathedral, the Jesuit church of San Juan de Dios, and the palace that was the headquarters of the Spanish Inquisition in South America.
Founded in 1533 by the Spanish, the city rapidly became a thriving commercial port, later referred to as the Queen of the Indies. Pirates sacked the city in 1544. In the early 17th century the city was second to Mexico City in commercial importance in the New World. Nationalist revolutionists, led by Simón Bolívar, in 1815 took the city from the Spanish, lost it the same year, and recaptured it in 1821.
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