"Gostinny dvor" Top 5 Page for this destination Moscow Things to Do Tip by kris-t
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Gostinyi dvor is a historic Russian term for an indoor market, or shopping centre. It is translated from Russian either as "Guest Court" or "Merchant Yard", although both translations are admittedly inadequate.
Gostiny Dvor in Moscow occupies a substantial portion of Kitai-gorod, as the old merchant district is known. Formerly accommodating both shops and warehouses, it was constructed of brick in the 1590s and underwent significant modifications in 1638-41. As the Russian capital expanded and the old structure became overcrowded, a new indoor market was completed nearby in 1665.
Giacomo Quarenghi in 1789 replaced those medieval buildings with a new shopping mall designed in a sober Neoclassical style with innumerable Corinthian columns and arcades. Architecturally it must have been strikingly modern at the time of its construction. Building works and various improvements lasted until 1830, by which time Matvey Kazakov and Osip Bove substantially modified the original design in order to make it conform to the difficult terrain of the site.
Subsequently, Quarenghi's structure went through many reconstructions, notably the installation of a modern glass roof in 1995, when Gostiny Dvor was being converted into a fashionable exhibition ground. Nowadays, the edifice is used as the setting for fashion shows, business parties, and even Viennese balls.
Address: 4 Ilinka st
Directions: 300 meters from Kremlin
Phone: 298 5787, 298 5549
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