"Panthéon - overview (2003)" Panthéon Tip by Mikebond
Panthéon, Paris: 108 reviews and 253 photos
Pantheon is a Greek word for a temple dedicate to all the Gods. This temple isn't dedicated to any God, though, but to the stars of the French history. Many French VIPs of the past are buried here. But let's proceed with order: Louis XV wanted to have this church built for favours received after recovering from an illness. The architect was Jacques Soufflot and the construction started in 1764. During the Revolution, the église de Sainte Geneviève became first the Panthéon and then the Temple de la Patrie. You can imagine that the original plans were radically changed by the revolutionaries. Archaeologist Quatremère de Quincy was charged to give a republican feature to the first National Temple. The Panthéon turned again into a church in 1806 and it became the monument of famous people in 1885, on occasion of Victor Hugo's funerals. I'll tell you later the names of all the VIPs who are buried here.
Look at the architectonic features of the outside: the Panthéon has a Greek-cross plan with a huge dome on the top. The allegorical pediment, sculptured by David d'Angers, shows the Patrie (the English translation "homeland" or "fatherland" hasn't got exactly the same meaning) standing among History and Liberty and crowning the great. Under the peristyle, you see the statues of Attila, king of the Huns, Clovis, the first king of the Franks, and Sainte-Geneviève, the patron saint of Paris.
Address: Place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris
Phone: +33 (0)126.96.36.199.51
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