"Paseo de la Reforma and its Statues" Paseo de la Reforma Tip by AnnaLupilla
Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City: 9 reviews and 18 photos
'Reforma' refers to the 'Guerra de la Reforma' (1858 to 1861), which was the crisis of a long struggle between liberals and conservatives. Militarily defeated, conservatives favored French inversion (1862) and the imposing of Maximilian von Habsburg and his wife, Charlotte of Belgium, who allocated the Castillo de Chapultepec as their permanent residence in 1864.
Engineer Ramon Agea based on an old rural road between Chapultepec and Mexico City to design, according to a project by Austrian engineer Bolland, an imperial avenue like Champs Elysees in Paris to communicate Chapultepec with the city center.
After the restoration of the Republic (1867) it was named 'Paseo de la Reforma' and its transformation began, taking shape during Profirio Diaz' dictatorship (1867 to 1911). From 1894 and until 1902, on the suggestion of historian Francisco Sosa, statues of 36 national heroes - most of them linked to the reform movement - were erected along the avenue. Jesus F. Contreras built 20 of them, the other 36 were sculptured by different artists, such as Ernesto Schelske, Federico Homdedeu, Primitivo Miranda, Epitacio Calvo, Juan Islas, Enrique Alciati, Gabriel Guerra and Melesio Aguirre.
From 2001 to 2004 the Gobierno del Distrito Federal undertook the Paseo a full-scale rehabilitation.
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