"The Great Wall - it's really a "great" wall" Great Wall of China Tip by blue_sky04
Great Wall of China, Beijing: 98 reviews and 143 photos
The Great Wall is absolutely a must-see attraction in China. Regardless from where you see the parts of this Great Wall, this construction is certainly impressive.
The Chinese name "Chang Cheng" or long wall came into existence because of its length. Every time the Great Wall was reconstructed --in Qin, Han and Ming Dynasties -- its length exceeded 5,000 km (10,000 li) -- It's named Wan Li Chang Cheng or the long wall of 10,000 li. Actually, the long wall of 10,000 li is more than its stated length. The Great Wall reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty alone exceeds 7,300 km in length. According to records put down in Chinese literature, as many as 20 principalities and dynasties took part in reconstructing the Great Wall.
About 4th century B.C. the northern parts of the three principalities Of Yan, Zhao and Qin happened to border on the nomadic Xiong Nu and Dong Hu, with whom frequent contacts had been kept and border incursions frequently occurred by the nomads, which seriously disturbed normal life in the area. Therefore, the long walls to defend against the Hu were constructed by the three principalities in the north. These earlier walls, built sometimes in the east, sometimes in the west, sometimes in the south and sometimes in the north, were unconnected with each other. They formed the main foundation of the long wall of 10,000 li by Qin Shi Huang -- first sovereign of Qin.
Since the Qin, various dynasties, including Western Han, Eastern Han, Northern Wei, Eastern Wei, Northern Qi, Northern Zhou, Sui, Liao, Lin and Ming, rebuilt the Great Wall on extensive scale and extended it. The engineering projects undertaken in the Han and Ming dynasties were the largest. The Han Dynasty Great Wall with its system of fortifications and beacon towers exceeded 10,000 km in length from Dunhuang, Gansu Provedwestward to western Xinjiang Region.
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