"Observing Indus Valley Civilization" Top 5 Page for this destination Pakistan Things to Do Tip by Faiza-Ifrah
Pakistan Things to Do: 259 reviews and 327 photos
I strongly recommend that travelers should study ancient Indus Valley Civilization and then see Pakistan as its extension in the present age.
The civilization flourished between 3000 B.C. to 1500 B.C along the Indus River and its several tributaries in areas now comprising India, Pakistan and northeastern Afghanistan.
In the words of Sir Mortimer Wheeler, famed British Archaeologist, "No part of the world is richer in vestiges of a varied past than Pakistan." He also writes, "Pakistan boasts of Indus Valley Civilization, which was one of the first three mature civilizations of the world".
Whereas it?s contemporary Egyptian and Mesopotamian / Babylonian civilizations were known for their pyramids and temples / hanging gardens respectively, the Indus valley civilization was known for its city architecture. The city as well as house designs seem to be work of a central authority. All towns were designed according to one specification and individual houses too had a similar 3 rooms, one courtyard design.
While the individual citizens of Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations were poor and lived in thatched huts, the Indus valley civilization was a 100% middle class trading society the inhabitants of which lived in the comfort of houses with an advanced drainage system and without any military, ruling or a priestly class. All its cities were therefore, self-governing in accordance with an unwritten code of law.
Although ruins have been discovered in east Punjab in India and even up in northeastern Afghanistan, it is mainly in Pakistan that the traces of this civilization have been found in the ruins of Moen-jo-Daro, Amri (on the right bank of the Indus in Sind), Kot Diji (on the left bank), up in the plains of the Punjab at Harrapa (near the city of Sahiwal), and in Rehman Dheri near Dera Ismail Khan.
Lack of any army probably brought the demise of this civilization also at the hands of invading marauders.
Directions: In Sind, Moen-jo-Daro, Amri (on the right bank of the Indus in Sind), Kot Diji (on the left bank), up in the plains of the Punjab at Harrapa (near the city of Sahiwal), and in Rehman Dheri near Dera Ismail Khan (NWFP).
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