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""HUH? WHO EXACTLY WAS Saint Peter - Part 1??"" Top 5 Page for this destination Vatican City Things to Do Tip by Escadora7

Vatican City Things to Do: 794 reviews and 1,492 photos

  Crucification of St Peter by the artist Caravaggio
by Escadora7

Attached below is a little information for some of you who were wondering...

~ The most prominent of the 12 disciples / apostles of Jesus Christ.
~ Traditionally the first pope or bishop of Rome.
~ A fisherman by profession.
~ Was given the Hebrew name Simon at birth, pronounced Šhim'ôn.
~ Peter comes from the Greek name 'Petros' which means pebble or piece of rock.
~ Jesus designated him the as the rock on which the Church will be founded.
~ Incidently, the heart of christianity is the Vatican which has been built over the tomb of St Peter as a foundation.
~ The one who denies being associated with Jesus after his arrest...
~ ... and then suffers enormous self-reproach for having done so (Refer story of the cock crowing thrice).
~ When the Bible lists the Apostles, Peter is always listed first, and Judas Iscariot is always listed last.
~ The first to receive a revelation of the risen Jesus Christ.
~ Died June 29, 69 AD; Other scholars believe that he died on October 13, 64.
~ Believed to have been sentenced to death by crucifixion by the Roman Empire.

Sources of knowledge about Peter come from -
~ Letters of Saint Paul, written between AD 50 and 60;
~ The four Gospels and Acts of the Apostles (books), [written around AD 65];
~ Two letters bearing Peter's name as author and probably written in the 2nd century by someone other than Peter;
~ A reference by a Roman presbyter named Gaius (early 3rd century) to a “trophy” on Vatican hill memorializing the place of Peter's martyrdom or burial.

[Sidenote - Traditions hold that the Romans crucified him upside-down by his request; he did not want to equate himself with Jesus.

As Peter was fleeing Rome to avoid his execution, it is said, he encountered Jesus and asked: "Domine, Quo Vadis]" ("Lord, where are you going?"); Jesus' response, "I am going to Rome, to be crucified again," caused him to turn back.]


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  • Updated Jun 29, 2005
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