"Pantheon" Pantheon Tip by Damir
Pantheon, Rome: 272 reviews and 577 photos
Above the cyclopean colonnade is the inscription: M. AGRIPPA L. F. COS. TERTIUM FECIT (Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, Consul for the third time, built this.) Agrippa was history's greatest waterworks patron, splashing out for an aqueduct, 500 fountains and 700 basins for central Rome. But the Pantheon was rebuilt entirely by Emperor Hadrian from AD 120 to 125. It stands over Agrippa's Baths, whose ruins emerge tantalizingly at the rear of the building.
The interior measures 43,40 metres in diametre, and the same in height. Light and air still enter through the opening at the top (a circle of 8m. 92cms in diameter).
The building's dome, more than 43 meters high is most impressive. It was the largest dome in the world until 1436 when the Florence Cathedral was constructed. At the top of the dome is a large opening, the oculus, which was the only source of light.
The front portico has three rows of 8 columns, each one with a diameter of 1.5m. A huge bronze door gives access to the cylindrical building. Its diameter equals the interior height of 43,3m.
Originally a temple for all pagan gods, the temple was converted into a church in 609. The Pantheon contains the tombs of Rafael and of several Italian Kings. Its interior design contrast with the temple's structural design, but the marble floor still features the original Roman design.
Directions: The Pantheon borders the Piazza della Rotonda, a rectangular square with a central fountain. It is situated in the historic center of Rome, not far from the Piazza Navona.
How to get there: Bus 70 from Repubblica. Bus stop in Corso Rinascimento.
Phone: 0039 06 68300230
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