"The Locks on the Rideau Canal" Rideau Canal Tip by joanj
Rideau Canal, Ottawa: 28 reviews and 62 photos
The Rideau Canal is a National Historic Site of Canada.
The Rideau Canal is a chain of lakes, rivers, and canal cuts winding 202 km from Kingston, at the head of Lake Ontario, to Ottawa., Canada's capital city.
The Rideau Canal was conceived in the wake of the War of 1812, and it was to be a war-time supply route to Kingston and the Great Lakes because the international boundary along the St. Lawrence was vulnerable to attack. The canal provided a secure water route for troops and supplies from Montreal to reach the settlements of Upper Canada and the strategic naval dockyard at Kingston.
In 1826, England sent Lieutenant Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to supervise the canal construction. Thousands of Irish immigrants, French Canadians and Scottish stonemasons were among the labourers who helped push the canal through the rough bush, swamps and rocky wilderness of Eastern Ontario.
The canal was completed in 1832 and was one of the greatest engineering feats of the 19th century. When the fear of war passed, the canal became a major artery for regional commerce. This role began to decline with the completion of the St.Lawrence canal system and the introduction of the railway in the 1850's
In Wintertime the canal is frozen for skating. People even skate to work along the canal, and in the summertime, bikers and walkers enjoy the pathways along the side of the canal.
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