"The Erechteion" Acropolis - Erechtheion-Caryatids Tip by Pieter11
Acropolis - Erechtheion-Caryatids, Athens: 44 reviews and 88 photos
About 90 metres to the east, coming from the Propylaea, the Erechteion is located. In ancient times, the palace of the emperor of Mycenian Athens was situated here. Later there was built a first Erechteion at this place, but that one was destroyed in 480 B.C. by the Persians.
The new Erechteion, that is visible now, was built between 437 and 432, and between 409 and 406 B.C. There was a break in the construction because of the Peloponnesian War. This Erechteion the the second largest building on top of the Acropolis. Only the Parthenon is bigger. The building is named after its architect: Erechteus, who is told to be buried inside the temple.
In the Erechteion three gods are honoured: Zeus, Poseidon and Hephaistos. There also was a wooden statue of goddess Athena inside this temple. This statue first was located in the temple of Athene, but after the Erechteion was finished, it was moved here.
The Erechteion is built in an Ionical style of construction. Because of the fact that there are so many gods that are honoured in this temple, there was a complex group of spaces inside. The northern hallway was used as temple for Poseidon. The eastern room was dedicated to Athena. The rest of the spaces are not known.
The roof of the southern hallway is kept up by six famous womenstatues, the so called Kariathides. Because of pollution and rain the original statues have been damaged and therefore they have been removed and replaced by concrete copies.
Directions: City center
Phone: +30 21 0321 0219
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