"The Acropolis" Acropolis Tip by Pieter11
Acropolis, Athens: 179 reviews and 334 photos
The Acropolis hill, is by far the most important historical site in Athens. This Sacred Rock presents some of the masterpieces of ancient architecture and offers a great view over the city too.
The very first habitation of the Acropolis hill, date from the Neolithic period. In the early beginning the hill was used as a residentional place and was used as a citadel. Later the city around it became bigger and bigger, so the hill lost its position as defence castle. Then it became a Sacred Hill where temples were built to respect the gods. The oldest offerings that are found here date from the Archaic period (650-480 B.C.) and present gifts to goddess Athena, the sacred patron of the city.
During the Classical period (450-330 B.C.) three important temples were erected on the ruins of earlier ones: the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Temple of Nike, dedicated to Athena Parthenos, Athena Polias, and Athena-Apteros Nike, respectively. The Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the sacred area was also constructed in this period.
After the glorious time of the Ancient Greeks, the city was captured several times and the monuments on the Acropolis hill were fortunately used as churches. Otherwise they probably have been destroyed one day. Both the Franks as the Turks used the buildings as churches.
After the liberation of Athens from the Turks, the protection, restoration and conservation of the monuments was a main priority of the new Greek government. This major project of restoring and supporting the building is started in 1970 and is still in progress these days.
Directions: City center
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