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"Pyramids of Giza" Giza & El-Dokki Neighborhood Tip by Blatherwick

Giza & El-Dokki Neighborhood, Cairo: 102 reviews and 211 photos

  The Pyramid of Khafre and the Sphinx
by Blatherwick

The pyramids of Egypt are quite simply the most famous symbols of Ancient Egyptian civilization. The three large ones on the Giza Plateau and the Great Sphinx are a must for anybody that goes to Cairo.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and last remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is the oldest and largest of the three great pyramids in the Giza necropolis. It is presumed to have served as the tomb of the Fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek). It is estimated that this pyramid was completed in 2570 BC.

The Sphinx is the largest single-stone statue in the world. Its Arabic name, Abu al-Hôl, means "Father of Terror". The Western name "Sphinx" was given to it based on the legendary Greek creature. This Sphinx has the face of a man (not a woman like in Greek mythology) and the body of a lion. The Sphinx is made of limestone and is 57m long, 6m wide, and has a height of 20m. When approching the entrance, the Sphinx is seen in profile in front of the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

The large pyramid in behind the Sphinx was built by Khafre (Chephren in Greek) who was the son of Khufu and followed the short reign of Djedefra. Though Khafre's pyramid is shorter than the nearby Great Pyramid, it is built on higher ground the makes it look taller. This pyramid is highly distinctive as it is the only structure that still has part of the original limestone at the top.

The pyramid built by the Pharoh Menkaure (Mycerinus in Greek) is the smallest of the large pyramids on the Giza Plateau. Menkaure was the son and successor of Khafre.

See my Pyramids of Giza page for more info.

Address: Al Haram Str., Gizeh, Cairo
Directions: To get to Giza, take the Metro to Giza Station and grab a cab. You should pay about 10 LE for the cab.

Review Helpfulness: 2.5 out of 5 stars

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  • Written Mar 29, 2005
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