"Champ de Mars and Ecole Militaire" Champ de Mars Tip by mariev
Champ de Mars, Paris: 16 reviews and 41 photos
Champ de Mars is the large open garden (appreciated by tourists for picnics), stretching towards Eiffel tower and closed by Ecole Militaire at the other end.
In the 18th century, the place was bought by the government to create a military academy large enough to receive the 10 000 men of the King's house.
The "Ecole Militaire" was inaugurated in July 1769 by Louis XV. The arena in front, well adapted for demonstrations saw, in August 1783, the first balloon flight (by the brothers Montgolfier).
The Ecole Militaire's most famous pupil is probably Napoleon Bonaparte(and he had, as theacher there, the agronomist Parmentier (who made the culture of potatoes known in France)).
In 1787,the academy was closed by the king's council due to growing political unrests (revolution had begun).
The Champ de Mars earned its place in french history on July 14 1790 (exactly 1 year after the Bastille's capture), when the "Fete de la Federation" was organized to mark the adhesion of the french people to the 1st national constitution.
The allegiance to this constitution was sworn by the representatives of the provinces, king Louis XVI and queen Marie Antoinette (the marquis de La Fayette, swore adhesion in the name of national guard).
The French National Day was born (July 14 comemorates the Fete de la Constitution, only English speakers call it 'Bastille day').
During the restauration, the returning royal family had too bad memories about it and all celebrations there were stopped.
At the end of the 19th century, various World Fairs (1878, 1889, 1900, 1937) occupied the ground, and the tour Eiffel was added to the parisian landscape.
For a nice stroll, you can :
Start from the Palais de Chaillot, continue through the Trocadero gardens, cross the pont d'Iena, reach the tour Eiffel and finnish in front the Ecole Militaire (wich you can visit, especially the chappel). Of course you can do it in the opposite direction (but that would be going uphill).
Address: Metro: Ecole Militaire, R.E.R. Champ-de-Mars
Directions: In front of the tour Eiffel, opposite to the Trocadero gardens (across the Seine)
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