"Acropolis - Parthenon Details" Acropolis - Parthenon Tip by grkboiler

Acropolis - Parthenon, Athens: 82 reviews and 156 photos

by grkboiler

Many people believe the Parthenon was always a gleaming white marble temple, but it was not. The frieze and pediments and other aspects of the temple were painted in bright, lively colors. The ceiling was painted blue and decorated with golden stars.

The frieze ran all around the inner part of the temple and depicted scenes from the Procession of the Panathenaia. It included figures of humans, animals, and gods. The external frieze depicted war scenes against giants on the east, Amazons on the west, Centaurs on the south, and scenes from the Trojan War on the north. The pediments on each end depict mythological scenes, with the birth of Athena on the east and the battle over the naming rights to Athens between Athena and Poseidon. Most of these sculptures were taken by Lord Elgin and sit in the British Museum in London, and many more were damaged in the explosion in 1687.

In the middle of the temple sat a statue of Athena by Pheidias. This was one of the wonders of the ancient world and was completed in 432 BC. It was made of ivory and gold over a wooden frame and stood 12m high. All exposed skin was made of ivory, along with a carved head of Medusa on her breast. Her eyes were made of jewels. Her helmet was decorated with a sphinx in the middle and griffins on each side. She held a spear with a serpent wrapped around it in her left hand, and a statue of Nike, the goddess of victory, in her right hand. The statue was taken to Constantinople in 426 AD where it was later destroyed.

Address: Dionysiou Areopagitou | Main entrance on the west
Directions: City center
Website: http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh355.jsp?obj_id=2384

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  • Written Dec 11, 2004
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