"Ancient wonders...." Polonnaruwa by Emichelle
Polonnaruwa Travel Guide: 114 reviews and 272 photos
Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka’s splendid medieval capital was established as the first city of the land in the 11th century A.D. Subsequently it was repeatedly exposed to south Indian aggression. Three Monarchs, Vijayabahu 1 (1055 – 1110 A.D) Parakramabahu the Great (1153 A.D) and Nissankamalla (1187 A.D) dominate the annals of the city and its period. The city reached a dazzling brief zenith in the 12th century and was ravaged by invasions in the centuries that followed. Much evidence remains of the grandeur and glory of Polonnaruwa. The Substantial remains seen here belong to the 12th century.Under the British, The conservation of this historical city was started by H.C.P. Bell the first Archaological Commissioner, and since, efforts to restore the historical monuments have gone on.
The rest house on the bund of Parakrama Samudra, half extending into the tank, is a beautiful site and a popular attraction.
The most striking land mark in Polonnaruwa is the vast Parakarama Samudra covering an area of 5940 acres, a tank for irrigation purposes built by King Parakramabahu. Because of its size it was called samudra or ‘Sea’. King Parakramabahu’s main interest was the construction of tanks for irrigation for the agricultural development of the land. With the South Indian invasions, Polonnaruwa declined and went into ruins.
Distance to Polonnaruwa from Colombo (via Dambulla) - 216 km
From Galle (via Colombo) - 332 km
From Kandy (via Habarana) - 140 km
From Nuwara Eliya (via Kandy) - 217 km
From Anuradhapura (via Habarana) - 101 km
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Latest: Oct 19, 2013