Rio de Janeiro by pjallittle

Rio de Janeiro Travel Guide: 3,640 reviews and 6,560 photos

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<center><font color="red"size=+2><B> ~ RIO DE JANEIRO ~</b> </font><center>

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<center><b><marquee behavior=scrolldirection="up"">PAGES FOR TRAVELOGUE UNDER CONSTRUCTION</marquee></b></center>

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<b><p>The beauty of this city is legion, a stunning example of natural landmarks blended with the manmade splendid structures and a cityscape that is beautiful beyond description by day and even more spectacular at night as lights softly illuminate the centerpiece.</p>
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<p>Looming high above the city is the prominent statue of Christ, at <b><u>CORCAVADO</u></b>, a gift from France. One might compare this to the <b><u>STATUE OF LIBERTY</u></b> in New York Harbor.</p>
<p>Unusually, it got the name as a result of a mistake by Portuguese navigator, <b><u>Gaspar de Lemos</u></b> who thought that the bay was actually a river. As he arrived during the month of January, in the year 1502, it is no surprise that he named this site as the <b><u>RIVER OF JANUARY.</u></b></p>
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<p>In Brazil, the R is sounded out like an English speaking person would use H. Thus it is HE-OH , not REE-OH. Keep that in mind when you're in Rio, excuse me, HE-OH!</p>
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<p>Though the Portuguese eventually dominated the area it was first occupied by the French who were there to harvest brazil wood and had not yet established a permanent settlement. This was a commercial activity only and little by little, the Portuguese began to take hold as they were already colonizing other portions of Brazil.</p>
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<p>Out of concern, the French sent 3 ships to settle on a small island and they landed in 1555 calling the Island by the name of <b><u>ANTARCTIC FRANCE.</u></b> This was not to be successful as the Portuguese, in spite of the French being allied with the Tamoio Indians, indigent to the area, fought with and expelled them in 1560. The French were fried. With or without ketchup, or vinegar for the Brits. In actual fact, the battles were quite bloody.</p>
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<p>A fortified Morro Castelo was in place by 1567 when the area took on the formal name of <font color="BLUE">Sao Sabastiao do Rio de Janeiro</font>, paying tribute to the man who originally gave the bay a name and in honour of <b>King Sebastian</b>, the reigning King of Portugal. The Portuguese were big on paying homage to the King, a custom that they did not extend to the French.</p>
<p>There is an irony to the Statue that eventually became the landmark which has become synonymous with Rio, a gift from the same proud country which was expelled all those years ago.</p>
<p>The population then was 500 people. Nearly 100 years later, the Indian population was 3000, and by 1660 there were only 750 Portuguese and 100 black slaves who were imported to work the sugar cane fields.</p>
<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>CANA DE ACUCAR</font></center>

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><p>Although Rio was an important port, behind Salvador Bahia and Recife/Olinda, it was not until a gold rush at Minas Gerais began at the outset of the 18'th century that was to change the scope and stature of Rio from that time to the present.</p>
<center><font color="BLUE"size=+1>THE GOLD MINES</font></center>
<center><img src=></center> <center><font color="BLUE"size=+1>THEY TOILED FROM DAWN TILL DUSK</font></center>
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><center><font color="gold"size=+1>ALL FOR THIS</font></center>
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<p>The Caminho Novo, a new road to the mines was built thus the activity for shipping increased as did the population. Notwithstanding their earlier defeat, the French, at war with Portugal attempted to retake the area in 1710, failing once again. A second attempt was made by the French. The cariocas (people from Rio) abandoned the town under cover of darkness. A strategic retreat. The occupying French threatened to level the town unless ransom demands for gold were met.</p>
<p>Another irony. Two of the ships carrying the enormous amounts of gold sank. Little of the gold found its way into Spanish coffers. By 1763, Rio de Janeiro displaced Salvador Bahia as the capital city of Brazil. Rio's importance was propelled ever further when the King of Portugal and his entire court fled from Portugal in 1808. They had suffered from a devastating defeat at the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte's armies. The well known Botanical Gardens of Rio was the King's pet project.</p>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1><b>BOTANICAL GARDENS</b></font></center>
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<p>In due course, coffee crops, processing, packaging and shipping grew Brazil's economy and by 1872, a second 100 year period the population had grown to 275,000 and has continued to grow to the present day of more than 7,000,000 and the second largest city in South America, behind Sao Paulo to the South.</p>
<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>COFFEE PLANTATION</font></center></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>ROADS INTO THE FIELDS</FONT></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>A COFFEE TREE</font></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>COFFEE BEANS STILL ON BRANCHES</font></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>PICKED AND LOADED INTO BURLAP BAGS</font></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>MAN CASTING BEANS TO REMOVE DEBRIS</font></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYMENT</font></center>
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<center><font color="GREEN"size=+1>DRYING IN THE SUN BEFORE ROASTING PROCESS</font></center>
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<p>For all of the beauty, this city is not without abject poverty in the favelas where one-third of the people live.</p></b>

<center><b><u><font color="GOLD"=+1>ALL IS NOT GOLD THAT GLITTERS</font></u></b></center>
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  • Last visit to Rio de Janeiro: Mar 1998
  • Intro Written Sep 11, 2002
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