"Sinagua Indians Lived in High Style" Walnut Canyon National Monument by BruceDunning

The Sinagua Indians Inhabited This Area

These Indians were theorized to be of ancient origin and ended up in this valley and cliff area about 800 years ago. They only lived here according to archeologists 1125 to 1250AD. They farmed the valley, growing mostly corn, but some other vegetable crops. The problem they encountered was it rained at times, but usually was too dry and crops were lean. They had to revert to hand watering these crops. The cliff dwellings were the protection from enemies and proved shelter and good wind. The tribe migrated out of the canyon and went further west to be with Hopi Indians

Park Information

This park is located 10 miles southeast of Flagstaff city and off I-40 highway on exit 204. You could also take Hwy 89 to Hwy 66 to the park on the back roads. I did that and the road was washboard bumpy for an old main route and gravel for some ways-like 106-7 miles. The Walnut Creek carved out a 600 feet descent over the millions of years and provided a good shelter from the sun with foliage tree cover and vegetation having the area look green.
Railroad employees began to bring people here to tour the sites, and that led to tragedy. They destroyed a lot of dwellings and took souvenirs. That was in the 1880's. By 1915, the park was designated a preserved place, and in 1933 dedicated as a national park

Indain land area

Located in the Hopi territory, this canyon is actually a meandering series of canyons that the Walnut Creek carved out of the rock. That weather and water also carved out ledges and cave like openings along the cliff ledges, whereby the Indians were determined to live there out of harms way. Water became scarce back then and archeologists theorize they carried water to keep the crops growing; mostly corn, but also other vegetables. They mus have done a lot of climbing in a day.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:A beautiful canyon with greenery and steep cliffs
  • Cons:If too many people on the trail inhibits your hike and path
  • In a nutshell:A wonderful preserved place to demonstrate the Indian life
  • Last visit to Walnut Canyon National Monument: Sep 2009
  • Intro Updated May 9, 2016
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