"Diocletian-A Palace that Started a City" Top 5 Page for this destination Split by BruceDunning
Split Travel Guide: 839 reviews and 2,372 photos
A lot of people are named after the town they grew up in. That is what happened to Diocletian, the founder of the town and Emperor or Rome 284-305AD. He retired form power and built this palace at the water harbor inlet of a larger town of the time, Salona(Solin) which was a thriving metropolis of 20,000 people that was inland about 6 miles in the hills.
Prior to Diocletian settling here, the town was called Spalatum, a Greek town that traded with Salona and Illyrians in the region from 6th century BC.
By the completion of Diocletian new palace, it was 1 million square feet with all the shops, homes and amenities of a town inside the fortress walls. It did take a long time (150 years) for the town to grow to 10,000 people living inside the walls for protection and everyday life. Today is has 250,000 residents in the area, and is second largest in Croatia.
Split is a thriving sprawling city with a lot of trade for goods transport on water and inland. The name of Spalatum from the Greek era dating back to 600BC, had a meaning and was named for a shurb in the area. After language changes, it was Spalatro in Delmatea language and the Slavs called it Split over time.
The city has a culture tied to its roots from the Medieval period mixed with the modern "hip" culture of the younger generation. They are strong in belief, soccer/football, and beautiful women in high heels and tight jeans-really. I was wearing a WestHam baseball cap for Westhamptom Houligans, and got a lot of respect form the locals. I did not know what it meant until so many people took note. The cap was a gift from my daughter & SIL who visited Oxford last year for schooling.
There are still 15 original homes dating back to the 3rd century (which ones?), and most of the rest are from the 13th-14th century; still very old. Inside the palace walls there is no new home building, and that is good. The palace and the inside was nearly deserted for many years after the fall of the Roman empire, and came back as a town with control by the Byzantine Empire around 700AD. Then came the Venetians in 10th century to assert control of commerce and the economy of trade. By this time, Croats/Slavs were an established race in the area, and remained quasi-independent until around 1300. Venetians had control over the area from 1400-1800 range, and then came Austria, which then evolved into a Yugoslavic consortium of ethnic cultures under one rule. That changed in early 1990's, and in time Croatia became independent again.
- Pros:A lot of historical monuments to see-scenery wonderful
- Cons:Too many people congregating around the center
- In a nutshell:It is a nice visit and go to Marjan park for a great view
Wonderful scenery of this old Medieval village is the reason to come here. WE did not have time to stop, but got a... more travel advice
This was the main living center for the Illyrian Delmaeti tribe and in the Greeks used it for trading over many... more travel advice
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