"Mashhad, The Capital of Nader Shah" Mashhad by Behi

Mashhad Travel Guide: 87 reviews and 177 photos

Mashhad (literally the place of martyrdom) is the capital of "Razavi Khorasan" province & the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shia world.
It is located 900 kilometers east of Tehran, in a plain between the two mountain ranges of Binalood and Hezar Masjed.


The city was known as Sanabad & was Small town near Tous. (9th Cent.)

Harun al-Rashid The Abbasid caliph died & Buried in the city (808 AD)

Imam Reza the eighth Imam (head spiritual leader) of Shia Islam, was poisoned and martyred by Al-Mamun The Abbasid caliph and was buried beside the grave of Harun. (818 AD)
After this event this place was called as Mashhad al-Reza. Shias and sunnis started visiting there for pilgrimage of his grave.

Mongol raids caused the destruction of many large cities in the Greater Khorasan territories, leaving Mashhad relatively intact. Thus the survivors of the massacres migrated to Mashhad. (1220)

Shahrokh's wife, Goharshad funded the construction of the Goharshad Mosque beside the shrine. (1418)

Shah Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty, conquered Mashhad & declineed the Timurid dynasty. (16th Cent.)

Mashhad was later captured by the Uzbeks during the reign of Shah Abbas I, Shah Abbas I defeated Uzbeks near Herat as well as managing to drive them beyond the Oxus River. (1597)

During the Safavid era it gained even more religious recognition, becoming the most important city of the Greater Khorasan.

Mashhad saw its greatest glory under Nadir Shah, & was the capital of the Afsharid dynasty.(1736-1796)

The sanctuary of the Imam Reza was bombed by the Russian forces. (1912)

an explosion from a bomb occurred in a prayer hall of the shrine of the Imam Reza, The bomb that killed at least 25 people. Mehdi Nahvi, a member of the MKO, an Iraqi-based opposition group, claimed responsibility. (On June 20, 1994)


Mohammad-Taqi Bahar (December 8, 1886, Mashhad - April 22, 1951, Tehran), widely known as Malek o-Shoara, is considered as the greatest 20th Century Iranian (Persian) poet and scholar, who was also a politician, journalist, professor of literature and historian.

Mehdi Akhavan-Sales (1928, Mashhad - 1990, Tehran) was a prominent Persian poet. He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in Persian language.

Mohammad Reza Shajarian (September 23, 1940, Mashhad) is an internationally and critically acclaimed Persian traditional singer, composer and Master of Persian music. A living legend of Persian classical music, he is also known for his mastery of Persian calligraphy and humanitarian activities.

Anousheh Ansari (12 September 1966, Mashhad) is the first female Muslim and first Iranian in space & fourth overall self-funded space tourist, and the first self-funded woman to fly to the International Space Station.
She is co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems, Inc & co-founder and CEO of Telecom Technologies, Inc. (TTI). The Ansari family is also the title sponsor of the Ansari X PRIZE.
she became Ansari is the fourth overall self-funded space tourist, and the first self-funded woman to fly to the International Space Station.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:Beautiful Monuments
  • Cons:Religion
  • In a nutshell:not Just a Imam Reza's holy shrine
  • Last visit to Mashhad: Dec 2007
  • Intro Updated Mar 11, 2008
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Reviews (27)

Comments (2)

  • Feb 21, 2009 at 2:54 PM

    I checked your Mashhad page today. Very, very well done!!! The photos are fantastic, as usually :-)

  • PierreZA's Profile Photo
    Apr 1, 2008 at 12:25 PM

    Hi Behnam, what a great page, so much detail and your pics are very good! Pierre


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