"Tous, Revive of Persian" Tus by Behi

Tus Travel Guide: 16 reviews and 72 photos

Toos, Tous, Tus, is a city in northeastern Iran, in the Razavi Khorasan province, 24km north of Mashhad.
some 900 km east of Tehran.

This city is located on silk road that linked Anatolia and the Mediterranean with China.

History:

Tous was major city in region in past consist Mashhad & other towns around it.

According mythical History, The city founded by Jamshid & rebuilt by Tous son of Nozar son of Manochehr, the National Hero & one of the immortals in Zoroastrian beleif.

Archaeological findings in the near Tous in Black Hill, reveal urban agricultural settlements since 6th. mill. Bc.

Tous mentioned in "Shatrestanhaei Eran"(=Cities of Iran), The Sassanid Pahlavi book.

Captured by invading Arabs (~650 AD)

in 9th century was the important city in that Area.

the Oghuz Turks massacred & looted & pillaged the city (in ~1153)

Genghis Khan massacred the city and the skulls of men, women, and children were piled in pyramids by the Mongols. (in 1220)

the Tatars massacred & looted the city & as Turks costume piled skulls of men, women, and children in pyramids(in ~1388)

Then the city never could rise again & got on situation to devloping Mashhad.

Now it's very small village about north of Mashhad.

Culture:

Tous is also home to many scientists, poets and cultural celebrities.

Jaber ebn Hayyan (Latinised name Geber) was born in Tus (721 - 815), was a polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, philosopher, pharmacist and physician, and physicist and scientist. He has been widely referred to as the "father of chemistry".

Ferdowsi was a highly revered Persian poet & father of the modern Persian language. He was the author of the Shahnameh, the national epic of Persia. He was born near Tous & buried in Tous. (935–1020)

Sheykh Tusi was a scholar of the Shi'a Twelver Islamic belief. was born in 995 in Tous. He's the founder of seminary of Najaf.

Nizam ol-Molk was born in Tous 1018 & died 14 October 1092. he was a celebrated Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuq Empire.
he is also well-known for systematically founding a number of schools of higher education in several cities, the famous Nizamiyyah schools.
he is also widely known for his voluminous treatise on kingship titled Siyasatnama (The Book of Government). He also wrote a book titled Dastur al-Wuzara, written for his son Abolfath Fakhr-ol-Malek, which is not dissimilar to the famous book of Qabus name.

Ghazali was born & died in Tous (1058-1111). He was a Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic of Persian origin and remains one of the most celebrated scholars in the history of Sufi Islamic thought. Moreover, one of his major works, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, changed the course of Islamic thought.

Asadi Tusi was born in Tous & died 1072 Tabriz, is arguably the second most important Persian poet of Iranian national epics, after Ferdowsi. Asadi's most significant work is Garshasp-nama [The Book (or Epic) of Garshasp]. His other important contribution was a lexicon of the Modern Persian language

Nasir el-Dine Tusi was born 18 February 1201 in Tous & died in 26 June 1274 in Kadhimain near Baghdad.He was a prolific polymath writer: an astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, scientist, and theologian.

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/

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  • In a nutshell:Lost in the Ages
  • Last visit to Tus: Dec 2007
  • Intro Updated Apr 17, 2008
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