"Basaic Tonto National Monument Page" Tonto National Monument by Basaic

Tonto National Monument Travel Guide: 38 reviews and 95 photos

History of the Area

People first established permanent settlements in the Tonto Basin between 100 and 600 AD. One of these settlements, now called Eagle Ridge, appears to be the first farming settlement established by these hunter gatherers. They left around 600. In 750, a group of settlers related to the Hohokam moved into the area and built villages with pithouses. Around the 1100s, environmental and economic problems caused them to leave the area. After this migration, other people moved into the area and farmed the fertile soil. Around 1250, the valley was well populated and some of the Salado (named after the Rio Salado or Salt River) began building homes on the higher ground to include in these naturally occuring caves.

Other Sites

There were pueblos and pithouse villages built all throughout the Tonto Basin. There is one on the ridge across from the Tonto National Monument (I could not spot it). Many of the villages were detroyed by the building of the Roosevelt Dam. The dam formed Roosevelt Lake and many of the villages are now under water.

Salt River Valley

The view from the cliff dwellings is very different today than it was in the 1200s. Back then the valley was full of irrigation canals and farmland, dotted by occasional villages. Today the view is dominated by Roosevelt Lake and the small town of Roosevelt.

Pros and Cons
  • In a nutshell:Beautiful and Historic
  • Last visit to Tonto National Monument: Sep 2008
  • Intro Updated Sep 19, 2008
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Reviews (10)

Comments (1)

  • littlesam1's Profile Photo
    Sep 23, 2008 at 1:51 PM

    Wow, you have been busy building pages. Interesting information. I have never been to the South West but might be planning a trip next year.

Basaic

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