" Olesko, once a pearl of Polish Crown" Olesko by om_212
Olesko Travel Guide: 13 reviews and 61 photos
Olesko Castle is located on the crossroads of two historical area - Galicia and Volyn. This is a castle-fortress, unlike its neighbour in Pidhirtsi, which can be classified as a castle-palace. The historical importance of the place is that Olesko castle was a birthplace of two Polish kings - Míchal Korýbut Wisniowiécki and Jan III Sobieski.
the first written mentioning about the Olesko castle dates to 1327. the wars and changes of rules between 1340 and 1590 were reflected in changes of the ownership. in 1512 the castle had been severely damaged by Tatars and only in 1590 to be inherited by Stanislav Zolkiewski (founder of Zhovkva), who restored it and passed as a dowry to his daughter Sofia. in 1627, his grand daughter Teofilia (Danilowicz) married Jacob Sobieski in this castle. In 1629, Jan III Sobieski, the future king of Poland was born and spent his childhood here. the family has lost the property in 1647, but Jan III Sobieski bought it back in 1682. in 1725, the castle was sold to Rzewuski family, who abandoned it having taken all the treasures to the neighboring .. Pidhirtsi.
since then, the castle has survived several wars and fires, the last one, in 1951, was caused by a lightening. the new life to the castle was brought with opening of the museum in 1974.
Olesko Museum, one of the oldest castle museums, has been opened in 1974 after four years of hard work and restoring done by a group headed by the Director of Lviv Art Gallery and a great enthusiast B. Voznytskyi. while walking from a hall to hall, keep in mind that most of these artifacts have been literally rescued from a saw and fire, like unique wooden sculpture of St. Anna by I. Pinzel (Ukrainian Michelangelo); some came in the dreadful condition (like Belgian tapestries of 16th century and the Vienna Siege by M. Altamonte from "Little Wawel" in Zhovkva) and have been restored.
the museum holds about 3% of all the Lviv Gallery artifacts, the rest are in storage in the Capuchin Monastery across the street. the hope is that with restoring of Pidhirtsi and Zolochiv castles some of stored artistic treasures will finally "see the light."
- Pros:Renaissance castle-museum
- Cons:lack of proper tourist infrustructure
- In a nutshell:good for a one-day trip, in conjunction with visits to other castles
Very first thing that catches one’s eyes at the arrival to Pidhirtsi is this once magnificent cathedral, that could be a... more travel advice
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