"Parque Nacional de Timanfaya" Parque Nacional de Timanfaya by bwk_michael
Parque Nacional de Timanfaya Travel Guide: 10 reviews and 67 photos
Timanfaya National Park or Parque Nacional de Timanfaya is a Spanish national park covering the municipalities of southern portion of Tinajo and the northern portion of Yaiza in the southwestern part of the island of Lanzarote. The area is 51.07 km². The parkland is entirely made up of volcanic soil. The greatest recorded eruptions occurred between 1730 and 1736. The volcanic activity continues as the surface temperature in the core ranges from 100 to 600 ºC at the depth of 13m, which is demonstrated by pouring water into the ground, resulting in a geyser of steam which is an attraction for tourists. In 1993, UNESCO granted the qualification for the Biospherical Reserve.
The statue "El Diablo" by César Manrique is its symbol. The park is open to the public, and conducts tours of the volcanic landscape by coach.
The importance of protecting an area of valuable ecological significance led to the declaration of Timanfaya as a national park through the Decree of August 9th, 1974, and this was confirmed by law in 1981.
After this, the autonomous Canarian Government, in an effort to preserve this natural space, initiated a new protection policy that led to the the declaration of the Natural Spaces Law in 1987, which was enforced in 1994 by the Canaries Natural Spaces law. In total, it occupies an area of 51.07 km² in the south west of the island. The entire park is of volcanic origin – the Timanfaya volcanoes. The most recent eruptions took place between the years of 1730 and 1736, in the 18th century.
Among its most famous volcanoes are the Montañas del Fuego (Fire Mountains), la Caldera del Corazoncillo (Little Heart Cauldron) and the Montaña Rajada (Cracked Mountain).
Within the area there are numerous sites of particular scientific, geological and geomorphological interest, as well as sites of idyllic beauty. High temperatures, close to 600°C, are measured at just 10 metres under ground.
"On 1st September 1730, between 9 and 10 o’clock at night, the ground opened in Timanfaya, two leagues from Yaiza… and an enormous mountain rose from the heart of the ground"
The restaurant El Diablo (the Devil) makes the most of the internal heat that emanates from the land of Timanfaya itself to cook the most traditional dishes of Lanzarote (remember that the national park is still volcanically active!).
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