"shiloh national military park" Shiloh National Military Park by doug48
Shiloh National Military Park Travel Guide: 46 reviews and 131 photos
the battle of shiloh was fought on april 6 th and 7 th 1862 between the forces of union general ulysses s. grant and the forces of confederate general albert s. johnston. after the confederate losses at fort donelson and fort henry in february 1862, general johnston withdrew his forces into western tennessee, northern mississippi, and alabama in order to reorganize his army. in april union general henry halleck ordered general uylsses s. grant to advance his army of tennessee to pittsburg landing on the west bank of the tennessee river near shiloh church. grant's 48,000 man army consisted of six divisions commanded by generals john mc clerand, lew wallace, w. h. l. wallace, stephen hurlbut, william t. sherman, and benjamin prentiss. general don carlos buell's 18,000 man army of ohio was grant's reinforcement. confederate general albert johnson had amassed a 55,000 man army in corinth mississippi 20 miles south of pittsburg landing. johnson's army was commanded by generals leonidas polk, braxton bragg, charles clark, patrick cleburn, william hardee, thomas hindman, daniel ruggles, sterling a. m. wood, and jones m. withers.
at 6:00 am april 6 th general johnston's army attacked general grant's camp. their approach and dawn assault was a strategic and tactical suprise. johnston's battle plan was to have general polk to attack to the left of the camp, general bragg in the center, general hardee to the right, and general breckinridge in reserve. as these units advanced they became intermingled and difficult to control. the attack adjusted to a frontal assault by a linear formation which lacked the depth needed for sucess. this weak formation negated the effect of confederate's original element of surprise. at the beginning of the battle the confederates pushed the union line back in the direction of pittsburg landing and the union right flank was pushed back past shiloh church. during the initial attack general grant was in savannah tennessee and general william t. sherman assumed command of the union forces. sherman raced from one division to another to inspire his troops to hold the battle line. sherman's actions that day was a turning point in his career and helped him become one of the union's premier generals. the fiercest battle of the day occurred in an area called "the hornet's nest". union general w. h. l. wallace lost his life there as well as confederate general albert johnston. the first day of the battle of shiloh was the bloodiest battle in u. s. history. the april 6 th battle of shiloh is considered a confederate victory.
by april 7 th general buell's and general lew wallace's reinforcements had arrived at pittsburg landing and the confederates had suffered over 8,000 casualties in the previous day. with the death of general johnston general p. g. t. beaurgard was in command of the confederate forces. . grant and buell began a massive counter attack at dawn. by the afternoon of april 7 th the union had pushed back the confederates past shiloh church. general beaurgard realized that he had lost 10,000 troops and his remaining troops were low on food and ammunition so he ordered a withdrawl back to corinth mississippi. the april 7 th. battle of shiloh was a decisive union victory.
the shiloh national cemetery is located next to the visitor center near pittsburg landing. the shiloh national cemetery... more travel advice
grant's left flank is stop nineteen on the auto tour. at this point union artillery hammered confederate infantry... more travel advice
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