"columbia, south carolina" Top 5 Page for this destination Columbia by doug48

Columbia Travel Guide: 212 reviews and 271 photos

columbia

columbia is the county seat of richland county and the capital of the state of south carolina. columbia is located on the broad river in the center of the state. columbia was founded in 1786 and was incorporated as a city in 1854. prior to the civil war columbia was a important transportation hub. much of the cotton grown on south carolina plantations was shipped north by rail through columbia. in december 1860 the south carolina secession convention met at columbia's first baptist church. by a vote of 159 to 0 south carolina voted to seceed from the union. during the civil war columbia was a important manufacturing and transportation hub for the confederacy. in february 1865 the forces of union general william t. sherman burned down much of the city. during WWI camp jackson was established in columbia. during WWII camp jackson was expanded and renamed fort jackson. today fort jackson is still an important segment of columbia's economy.
for the tourist there is much to see and do in columbia. columbia has a number of historic buildings and homes in the downtown historic district. columbia is home to the south carolina symphony and has a very nice zoo and botanical garden. the downtown five points and vista areas have a number of good restaurants and lively bars. for college football fans columbia is home to the university of south carolina. columbia is a very worth while stop when traveling through south carolina.

in february 1865 union general william t. sherman's army during the carolina's campaign marched to columbia. columbia was defended by general wade hampton CSA but he was greatly out numbered by sherman's army and surrendered the city. once in the city sherman ordered the destruction of the rail road depot, warehouses, and machine shops. the old state capitol was burned as well as the interior of the new state capitol and "millwood" general wade hampton's mansion. downtown liquor stores were looted by union troops which led to drunken solders setting fire to downtown buildings and homes. some historians maintain that the fires were set by the retreating confederate troops but considering the burning of the interior of the new state house and wade hampton's home one can easly come to conclusion that the fires were set as union revenge. the burning of the cities of atlanta, marietta, and rome georgia, jackson mississippi, and the towns of athens, decatur, and selma alabama also show a union policy of burning towns after they were captured.

  • Last visit to Columbia: Nov 2011
  • Intro Updated Dec 12, 2011
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Reviews (38)

Comments (4)

  • XenoHumph's Profile Photo
    Jan 24, 2009 at 1:35 PM

    Thanks for the useful tips!

  • BillNJ's Profile Photo
    Apr 6, 2008 at 10:41 AM

    Doug, thanks for the tips and photos of Columbia! I have family there, so I visit occasionally. I agree with your tip about The Blue Marlin - good restaurant. Best from New Jersey, Bill

  • Faiza-Ifrah's Profile Photo
    Oct 30, 2007 at 7:13 PM

    hi. you have some good tips and pics here on this southestern city. have there been once as a young girl. will like to be here again with my family in summer of 2008.

  • Florida999's Profile Photo
    Jan 4, 2007 at 5:59 PM

    We drive though Columbia every year on the way up to NC, maybe someday we will actually stop there....nice photos!

doug48

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