"bushnell florida" Bushnell by doug48
Bushnell Travel Guide: 2 reviews and 8 photos
the town of bushnell is located just off of I-75 between ocala and tampa. bushnell is the county seat of sumter county florida. of interest to the tourist is bushnell's downtown historic district and the dade battlefield historic state park. for those interested in architecture and old florida history bushnell is worth the one mile side trip when traveling on I-75 in central florida.
located near the present day bushnell is the site of the dade massacre. the dade massacre brought about the second seminole war. the indigenous people of florida declined significantly in number after the arrival of europeans in the region. native americans of florida had little resistance to newly introduced diseases from europe. spanish suppression of native revolts further reduced the indigenous population of north florida. by 1707 colonial soldiers from the province of carolina and their yamassee indian allies had killed or captured nearly all of remaining non european inhabitants of north florida. in the first decade of the 18 th century 10,000 to 12,000 native floridians were taken as slaves and by 1710 north florida was virtually depopulated of it's native american population.
after the depopulation of north florida seminole indians immigrated into the state. seminoles were a combination of creek and choctaw native american tribes along with "black seminoles" who were runaway african slaves. the first seminole war began with the battle of the "negro fort" on the appalachicola river in 1816. from the "negro fort" seminoles and former slaves launched raids on south georgia plantations. these raids were brought to the attention of major general andrew jackson who was the u. s. southern military commander at the time. jackson ordered general edmund gaines to attack the "negro fort". the "negro fort" was destroyed by american and creek troops and the survivors of the battle were sold into slavery. (for more information on this interesting historical event see my sumatra florida pages). in 1818 general jackson mobilized 800 army regulars, 1,000 tennessee volunteers, 1,000 georgia militia, and 1,400 creek warriors to invade spanish north florida. from their base at fort scott georgia jackson's army attacked mikasuki villages around tallahasse and moved south to st marks. (see my st marks pages for more information on jackson's seminole campaign). jackson left st. marks to attack villages along the suwannee river which were occupied by fugitive slaves. having destroyed major seminole and black villages in the area jackson declared victory and returned to st. marks. later jackson learned that indians were gathering near pensacola and were being supplied by the spanish. jackson attacked pensacola and american forces occupied the town. on may 28 th 1819 the spanish surrendered fort barrancas and jackson returned to tennessee. the 1823 treaty of moultrie creek granted the seminoles a reservation in central florida and there was a period of relative peace between the united states and the seminoles between 1823 and 1830.
in 1828 andrew jackson was elected president of the united states and in 1830 congress passed the indian removal act. the treaty of dancing rabbit creek led to the removal of the choctaws and the treaty of new echota led to the removal of the cherokees to oklahoma. the seminoles did not leave peacefully as did the other tribes, and along with fugitive slaves they resisted removal. as the realization that the seminoles would resist relocation sank in, florida prepared for war. seminole war parties raided farms and settlements and white settlers fled to forts, large towns, or out of the territory altogether. sugar plantations along the atlantic south of st. augustine were destroyed, with many of their slaves joining the seminoles. in december 1835 the u. s. army transfered 110 troops under the command of major francis l. dade from fort brooke in tampa to fort king in ocala. the seminoles shadowed the marching soldiers for several days and on december 28 th they attacked. in a clearing near present day bushnell the seminoles killed major dade and 107 of his troops. of the three men who survived the massacre, edwin de courcey was hunted down and killed the next day, ransome clarke died of his wounds a few days later, and only joseph sprague survived the massacre. over a period of years there were a number of campaigns launched against the seminoles which finally drove them into southwest florida in 1842.
the dade battlefield historic state park is located just south of the town of bushnell. this park is at the site of the... more travel advice
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