"tallinn (reval) estonia" Top 5 Page for this destination Tallinn County by doug48

Tallinn County Travel Guide: 974 reviews and 1,819 photos

tallinn (reval) estonia

tallinn, also known as reval is a beautiful medieval city in estonia. around 800 AD the vikings invaded estonia. this was around the time that the vikings established trading settlements in russia to facilitate trade with constantinople. in the 12 th century russia tried to control estonia but their attacks were repelled. in 1211 the german teutonic knights subdued pagan estonia. in 1219 the teutonic knights formed an alliance with the danes and built a fortress on the baltic coast called tallinn (danish castle). estonia was to remain a german colony until the 16 th century. tallinn, (reval), became a member of the german hanseatic trading league. in1558 ivan the terrible invaded estonia, but in 1582 the swedes drove the russians out of the country. under swedish rule the baltic germans were allowed to administer tallinn. peter the great formed an alliance with poland and with poland's help re-conquered estonia during the great northern war. as with the swedes, peter the great allowed the baltic germans to adminster the country.

in the early 20 th century a communist movement began in estonia led by mikhail kalinin. in 1905 many manor houses owned by baltic germans were burned by the communists. in 1918 under the treaty of brest-litovsk between the germans and the russians estonia was granted it's independence. in 1939 under the secret protocols of the ribbentrop-molotov pact estonia, latvia, lithuania, and finland were to become under soviet control while germany was free to invade poland with out soviet intervention.

on june 22 nd 1941 adolf hitler invaded the soviet union. his army group north surged through latvia and lithuania on their way to leningrad. the german occupation was seen as a liberation by the estonians. after years of soviet rule the germans were considered "cultivated" compared to the bolsheviks. in 1944 after the german defeat in stalingrad the red army re-invaded estonia. over 70,000 estonians fled to sweden and another 30,000 withdrew to germany. from 1944 to 1991 estonia returned to harsh soviet rule. on august 20 th 1991 the estonians regained their independence.
tallinn today remains the best preserved of the great hansa cities.

a good travel guide to estonia and tallinn is, estonia, the bradt travel guide, neil taylor, pub: the globe pequot press.

  • Last visit to Tallinn County: Jun 2006
  • Intro Updated May 9, 2016
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Reviews (16)

Comments (6)

  • slothtraveller's Profile Photo
    May 19, 2011 at 1:20 PM

    Hi Doug, Interesting page on Tallinn. Thanks for sharing your tips!

  • HORSCHECK's Profile Photo
    Feb 9, 2011 at 2:11 PM

    Doug, gorgeous page with brilliant photos of Tallinn. It brings back memories of my visit of the city almost 10 years ago.

  • hunterV's Profile Photo
    Jul 3, 2008 at 9:06 AM

    Hi, Doug! That's a very attracting destination I'm sure! Thanx for sharing!

  • vesna04's Profile Photo
    Oct 14, 2007 at 2:14 PM

    Lovely pictures and nice tips! Greetings from Montenegro:)

  • TheWanderingCamel's Profile Photo
    Apr 25, 2007 at 6:00 PM

    We visited Tallinn in winter - a fairytale snowy world then, but cold!! - one day I'd like to see it as it is here. leyle

  • magor65's Profile Photo
    Nov 2, 2006 at 1:08 PM

    This interesting page of yours brings back nice memories of my visit to Tallinn a few years ago.


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