"dachau germany" Top 5 Page for this destination Dachau by doug48

Dachau Travel Guide: 169 reviews and 479 photos

dachau concentration camp

dachau is a small town located about 12 miles northwest of munich. this village will always be remembered for the nearby dachau concentration camp. in 1933 dachau concentration camp was established in bavaria, oranienburg concentration camp near berlin, and buchenwald concentration camp near weimar. originally the purpose of these camps were to house political prisoners. the first inmates of dachau were german social democrats and communists. as time went on "asocials", homosexuals, criminals, jehovah witnesses, and gypsies were added to the inmate population. after 1938 about 60,000 jews were sent to dachau. after the out break of WWII poles and russians were also sent to dachau. a few of dachau's more famous inmates were, kurt von schuschnigg, the former chancellor of austria, leon blum the former jewish premier of france, and the reverend martin niemoller.

theodor eicke was the second kommadant of dachau and later became the chief inspector of all of the third reich's camps. originally dachau was a work camp and a educational facility for national socialist indoctrination of "enemies of the state". later dachau became a more sinister place. dachau was not considered a "death camp" but over 25,000 people died here of disease, malnutrition, and victims of medical experiments. after the out break of WWII the living conditions at dachau became deplorable. dachau held over 200,000 people from over 30 countries. just before the liberation of dachau in 1945 a typhus epidemic broke out killing thousands of inmates. heinrich wicker was the last komandant of dachau and was executed in 1945. dachau is a disturbing place to visit but historically signifcant. a very important site to see for students of 20th century history and the holocaust.

pictured is theodor eicke and his staff in 1933. eicke is second from the left in the back row.
the following is a list of the kommandants of dachau.
hilmar wackerle 1933
theodor eicke 1933-1934
alexander reiner 1934
berthold maack 1934-1935
heinrich deliber 1935-1936
hans loritz 1936-1939
alex piorkowski 1939-1942
martin weiss 1942-1943
wilhem weiter 1943-1948
johannes otto 1945
heinrich wicker 1945

  • Last visit to Dachau: May 2005
  • Intro Updated Mar 22, 2012
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Reviews (11)

Comments (5)

  • MissyWQ's Profile Photo
    Feb 1, 2010 at 10:48 AM

    In 1958 I scratched on the metal doors of the Dachau gas chamber to imagine what a horrible feeling it would have been.

  • JustaDreamin's Profile Photo
    Nov 8, 2009 at 3:01 PM

    Visited Dachau while stationed in Germany! Very disturbing on how things went on there!

  • 807Wheaton's Profile Photo
    Dec 30, 2008 at 4:52 PM

    We spent a quiet sobering afternoon at Dachau when we were staying in Munich, long ago. Marcia

  • iblatt's Profile Photo
    Dec 17, 2008 at 10:20 AM

    Hi Doug, very impressive and comprehensive description of Dachau! When I visited the camp my impression was that it was too neat & tidy, hard to imagine the cruel reality of the place in the Nazi era. What do you think? Ilan

  • Kuznetsov_Sergey's Profile Photo
    Oct 3, 2008 at 9:39 AM

    What a terrible place! We won’t forget it…

doug48

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