"Ephesus the open air Museum" Top 5 Page for this destination Ephesus by fachd

Ephesus Travel Guide: 531 reviews and 2,008 photos

Empire became conqueror and conquered by the next

Today Ephesus is probably the best-preserved ancient city and outdoor museum in the world. It is located on the south of Izmir?s Selcuk country. It was a gateway for the west to get acquainted to the eastern world. Ephesus was a powerful and influential city during the Roman time.

Like any other ancient city, in her long career Ephesus was settled by many invaders. Original Ephesus was founded around 1500BC. The Ionian migrated around 1000BC that made the city great. In 700 BC it was captured by the Cimmerians they were there for a while. During the Lydian rule in 560BC Ephesus became the riches cities in the Mediterranean.

In 546BC King Cyrus of Persia also ruled Ephesus until the arrival of Alexander the Great in 334 B.C, during his reign and even after his death under General Lysimachus Ephesus was enjoying peaceful period. The Greek philosopher Perilictus made Ephesus his home.

Pergamon Kingdom took over in 190BC before the mighty Romans. It was the Roman who turned Ephesus into a powerful and influential city. In 129 B.C it became part of the Roman Empire and made it into capital city in Asia Minor. During Roman authority Ephesus had many rulers. There was Roman dictator Sulla who crushed mutiny against Roman authority who imposed the population with heavy taxes.

The city of Ephesus grew considerably during the reign of Augustus. Today the ruin of Ephesus that we see, walk and admire was constructed under his reign.

During Byzantium era it was believed St Paul accompanied the Virgin Mary to Ephesus approximately around 45AD. Renaissance historian has mentioned the trip in their book. Not far from the ancient ruin there?s a small house that was built by the local Christians for the Virgin Mary. The legend stated that she spent her last days here. The legend has been confirmed by Pope Paul VI. Today the small house is turn into a chapel.

St John from the early Christian also came and lived here. In the early second century he died in Ephesus.

The last invader of Ephesus was the Seljuk Turks who defeated the Byzantines in 1090. Ten years later in 1100 the Byzantines regained control. Eventually the city slowly decayed and around 15th century Ephesus was abandoned.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros:All great
  • Cons:I can't think of negativity
  • In a nutshell:Ephesus is one of the best ancient ruins.
  • Last visit to Ephesus: Jun 2005
  • Intro Updated May 9, 2016
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Reviews (17)

Comments (8)

  • aussirose's Profile Photo
    Aug 20, 2010 at 4:40 PM

    Fantastic page and interesting info. Enjoyed the toilet story and Goddess Nike?!!....now that's interesting!! Nice little vid too :o) Cheers, Ann.

  • Toshioohsako's Profile Photo
    Apr 22, 2010 at 4:43 AM

    very nice details about the theatre. It was three years ago for you but its still there!

  • kokoryko's Profile Photo
    Jun 12, 2009 at 10:39 PM

    Listening to Carreras in the theatre might be more interesting than to listen to an epistle of Paul ;)! Beautiful page Fari, about an incredibly rich place; I will have to go to Ephesus, but in winter; and I will try to identify the beheaded guy!:)))

  • longsanborn's Profile Photo
    Jun 2, 2009 at 8:15 AM

    I was in Ephesus many years ago. I was awed by the place!

  • Dec 31, 2008 at 11:33 PM

    May God Bless us all with a happy, healthy New year!

  • iandsmith's Profile Photo
    Aug 23, 2008 at 3:57 AM

    Well researched and well documented pages. Cheers.

  • JessH's Profile Photo
    Jan 21, 2008 at 2:15 AM

    Hello! I really enjoyed your tips and great photos... a well-written page here, my ratings are definitely with you! Greetings from the desert / Jess in Dubai :-)

  • Luchonda's Profile Photo
    Dec 21, 2007 at 5:16 PM

    Ephesus is beautiful, but Libya has more to offer, Leptis Magna, Sabratha, Cyrene...believe me. Greetz from Belgium, have a nice time at the end of 2007.Luc


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