"Moscow-Vyborg" Top 5 Page for this destination Vyborg by Kuznetsov_Sergey

Vyborg Travel Guide: 58 reviews and 247 photos

In 1293, during the III-th crusade organized by the marshal of Sweden Torgils Knuttson, regent of juvenile king Birger, the Swedish armies, having destroyed the strengthened Karelian forpost, established a fortress Vyborg on the island in the Finland gulf.

Vy - means "sacred", Borg - means "a fortress". So the translation from ancient Swedish Vyborg means "a sacred fortress". The first construction became a tower of Sacred Olaph - quadrangular in plan tower of the Vyborg castle.
Time passed… A settlement expanded under walls of the castle. In 1403 a fortress Vyborg received the status of a city. Appearance of the castle changed also. In XV century it by the right was considered as the most beautiful castle of Sweden.

The future king Charles Kristersson Bunde wrote: " … the Master of Vyborg spent much money for construction of a fortress, he created the most beautiful chambers, roofed them, forced to construct around a wall with merlots. It cannot be found more beautiful castle. " (Charles's chronicle, XV century).

Being on crossing of the important trading ways the city always was an apple of discord. The fighting annals of this territory was created with the Novgorod, Russian and Swedish armies, subsequently regular Soviet and Finnish armies. More than 400 years Vyborg was in structure of the Swedish kingdom while during the Northern war it was departed to Russian empire. But only after signing of the Friderihsham treaty (1809) the short peace period on these grounds was established.

  • Last visit to Vyborg: Aug 2006
  • Intro Updated Sep 12, 2006
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Reviews (14)

Comments (24)

  • Elena77's Profile Photo
    Dec 30, 2008 at 2:43 PM

    Great tips, thanks for sharing! Vyborg is such a fascinating place! I'd love to go there one day!

  • annase's Profile Photo
    Aug 10, 2008 at 12:58 PM

    Hi Sergey. Thanks for great Vyborg photos. I'm looking forward to seeing the castle and the city as a whole in a few week's time. It will be my first trip to Russia. Looking forward to some more trips in the future. Sanna

  • kokoryko's Profile Photo
    Jun 30, 2008 at 12:42 PM

    Thanks for this historical tour in Vyborg Serguei; I like a lot the general historical “tips” and of course the Paradise Tower! I heard about that place, now I know!! (virtually at least!).

  • LoriPori's Profile Photo
    Nov 26, 2007 at 3:27 PM

    Interesting and informative info on the history of the Vyborg castle.

  • lotharlerch's Profile Photo
    Aug 3, 2007 at 5:56 AM

    Great description of Vyborg castle. Unfortunately the bus Helsinki - Leningrad stopped only for an hour or so in Vyborg. I see the oblast is still called "Leningradskaya" - quite a superficial and incomplete cosmetics...

  • JLBG's Profile Photo
    Apr 29, 2007 at 12:24 PM

    The Vyborg castle is amazing. In the 70s, I naively (not completely!) tried to build a trip from Helsinki to Murmansk and back to Stalingrad. I received a nice answer from Inturist that did not answer really and sent a map with a blank space on that area!

  • icunme's Profile Photo
    Mar 3, 2007 at 6:06 PM

    Hi Sergey - BRAVO on these Russia pages - I will always return and they always bring to mind the excellence of your Russian writers. BRAVO!

  • matcrazy1's Profile Photo
    Feb 18, 2007 at 6:07 PM

    Excellent job: great photographs, very usuful info. I hope to see Vyborg someday :-)

  • sihi's Profile Photo
    Jan 20, 2007 at 3:34 PM

    Very interesting page! Castle looks impressive. Spasibo za komentarij na mojej Chelmza page:)

  • sennaya's Profile Photo
    Dec 8, 2006 at 10:41 AM

    I like your unique information, I'll read more of your pages before I visit!

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