Corum Ili Travel Guide: 57 reviews and 346 photos

The Hittites, Archaeology and History

It was my fist trip to Corum and its past. There is an unique civilisation called The Hittites who ruled the region in 2000 B.C. In Corum, I explored their homeland, their capitals and their magnificient culture.

Corum, an important city on the road from central Anatolia to the Black Sea,Corum offers tourism services in large scale together with the 5 thousand years of history within the unique natural beauties.

About The Hittites: Little is known about the origins of the Hittites. Their language belongs to the Indo-European family and it is assumed that they immigrated into Central Anatolia via the Caucasus sometime during the second half of the 3rd millennium BC. The Hittites used the name Hatti as the designation for their land. Hattusa is first mentioned by King Anitta who called himself "one from Hattusa". The choice of the site to found the town was due to the presence of rocks which could be easily fortified and of a small river which provided a precious water supply in an arid region.

The Hittites made extensive use of cuneiform writing; some 30,000 clay tablets have been found in Hattusa; they provide information on trade agreements, legal codes and procedures for ceremonies. Between the XVIth and the XIIIth centuries BC Hattusa was the capital of a large state which included most of the Anatolian plateau and northern Syria.
The Hittites had construction techniques based on three building materials: stone, timber and mud (unbaked) bricks. Stones were used for the foundations and for low walls which were completed by adding mud bricks; timber was used to support ceilings. This explains why the first impression a visitor has of Hattusa is that the city has vanished because only the stone part of its buildings remain. In order to show how Hattusa appeared in its heyday archaeologists have rebuilt a short stretch of the walls using the same materials and techniques of the Hittites.

At the very beginning Hattusa was limited to an isolated rock with an almost flat top. When Hattusa was enlarged to include first the Lower City and then the Upper City, the original settlement became the Royal Citadel (today's Buyuk Kale). Archaeologists have identified a series of courtyards surrounded by buildings which housed the court, the royal guards, the apartments of the king and archives of clay and wooden tablets; the latter are lost.

The Clock Tower

This is the well-known cityscene of Corum. It's located at the heart of the city. Roads turn around it.
The 19th-century clock tower. The tower, which was built in the shape of a minaret, is 27.5 meters high, 5.3 meters in diameter, and has an eight sided base and is ascended by means of an 81-step circular staircase.

Hattusa, The Capital of The Hittites

Hattusa is very close to Bogazkale town. The town has a small archaeolgy museum. All the major early-Hittite sites lie in the province of Corum in Bogazkale National Park, between Yozgat and the city of Corum. Impressive double walls running past the King Gate, the Sphinx gate, the Lion Gate and the Yerkapi (an underground tunnel), ring the Hittite city of Hattusa, known today as Bogazkale. The more than 70 temples in the city made this the Hittite religious center and gave it the name, "City of Temples". The largest ruins are those of the great temple to the storm god Teshup. The Acropolis contained government buildings, the Imperial Palace and the archives of the Hittite Empire. In 1180 BC the Phrygians devastated the city. After thorough excavations at the site, the city walls are now being extensively restored.

hire a guide or buy a guidebook before you start your journey into world of The Hitttites.

  • Last visit to Corum Ili: Jan 2009
  • Intro Updated May 27, 2010
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Reviews (7)

Comments (9)

  • globetrott's Profile Photo
    May 13, 2009 at 3:02 PM

    an interesting location, thanks for sharing, Bora !

  • alancollins's Profile Photo
    Mar 28, 2009 at 2:40 AM

    My son in law come from Corum and he has given me a number of the different types of Chickpeas, some of which were better than others. Alan

  • Kuznetsov_Sergey's Profile Photo
    Mar 18, 2009 at 10:15 AM

    Excellent page on Corum province! I couldn't visit Alacahoyuk unfortunately. Thanks Bora for sharing!

  • eugini2001's Profile Photo
    Feb 25, 2009 at 6:33 PM


  • jumpingnorman's Profile Photo
    Feb 19, 2009 at 6:08 AM

    Hi Bora! Interesting sphinxes at Corum (where did the spinxes come from -first - the Egyptians or the Hittites?). I saw pics on temples of war between Egyptians and Hittites, and you have very nice Corum tips! Norman :)

  • codrutz's Profile Photo
    Feb 18, 2009 at 5:26 AM

    Man, gods and 4000 years old civilizations are very interesting, but hey look at the food they made today there :) yummy

  • Tuna_ank's Profile Photo
    Feb 18, 2009 at 4:30 AM

    Good pages. Thanks.

  • revontulet's Profile Photo
    Feb 15, 2009 at 9:22 AM

    Bora, your Corum page is very helpful and very nice, Congrats!! sibel

  • hopang's Profile Photo
    Jan 30, 2009 at 1:16 AM

    Shrines and archeological sites at Corum are certainly beautiful. Thanks for sharing. We hope to visit Corum one day. ~ho & pang

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