" Autonomous city of Buenos Aires " Distrito Federal by Graxie

Distrito Federal Travel Guide: 4,837 reviews and 9,033 photos

Capital of the Republic Argentina-History

Buenos Aires was founded twice:
The first foundation was in 1536. Don Pedro de Mendoza, a Spanish colonizer, established the first settlement. He named it Ciudad del Espíritu Santo y Puerto Santa María del Buen Ayre. The second, and final, foundation was in 1580. Juan de Garay called the site Ciudad de Trinidad.
In the 19th. century, the port was the arrival point for the great migratory wave promoted by the Argentine State to populate the nation. Spanish, Italian, Syrian-Lebanese, Polish and Russian immigrants provided Buenos Aires with the cultural eclecticism that is so characteristic of the city.
During the 20th. century, successive immigrations - from the provinces, other Latin American countries and Eastern countries – completed the picture of Buenos Aires as a cosmopolitan city in which people with different cultures and religions live together.


Buenos Aires has always been an open-door city. Its inhabitants are called porteños, which makes reference to the fact that the city is a port. The inhabitant of the province of Buenos Aires is called bonaerense.
Porteños are warm and hospitable: they usually invite tourists for lunch or dinner at their homes and prepare typical food.
The characteristic infusion is the mate. It is prepared by pouring warm water into a gourd, also called mate that contains yerba mate.
Some people add sugar, but most prefer "un amargo" (a mate without sugar).


This is an open air street-museum that recreates the typical conventillos (housing projects) of the early La Boca neighborhood. Today, you can permanently enjoy a wide variety of exhibitions formed by national and foreign artists. Originally, this footpath, of almost 100 meters long, was part of the Ensenada railway station. Then, it became one of the most interesting sightseeing areas in Buenos Aires city. Every weekend, tango shows are offered by professional tango dancers and singers. You can also visit a handicraft market.
As time went by, traditional artists started to provide the walls with bas-reliefs and mosaics together with statues, friezes and tablets. Thus, in 1959, Caminito became the first pedestrian museum in the world, with no pavements or gates.

Pros and Cons
  • Pros: This capital city revives, all across the passages (narrow streets) surrounding Avenida de Mayo or in neighborhoods like Pompeya, the golden years of the beginning of century XX, the recycled facades of the 90s
  • In a nutshell: Colonial, Renaissance, Baroque, Neoclassic, Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Modern, International.Buenos Aires is a city with style.
  • Last visit to Distrito Federal: Dec 2005
  • Intro Updated Oct 20, 2007
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