" LA PLATA " La Plata by Graxie

La Plata Travel Guide: 33 reviews and 89 photos

Foundation

The political process that conducts to the foundation of The Silver is initiated in February of 1880, with the sanction of the law that proclaimed to the city of buenos aires, up till then capital of the province of the same name, Federal Capital of the Republic Argentina. The transfer to the Nation of the city port caused a division among the public men of the province; the clash between provincial and national authorities did not delay in being produced, arriving inclusive al spilling of blood. Before such state of things indispensable the transfer of the provincial government to another city was done, for which a commission was appointed with the object of studying several localities of Buenos Aires and to decide which was the most appropriate one for new provincial capital. None satisfies fully the conditions established, the idea to found arises then a new city. The Dr. Dart Rocha, governor of the province since 1881, will carry ahead the business without paying attention to the criticisms of its opponents. The most appropriate place for the settlement is studied then, being opted for the Municipality of the Inlet, given that gathers some of the important conditions such as the existence of a port, relative proximity with Buenos Aires, good climatic and topographical conditions and possibilities of channeling there the economy of the province. The layout of the same one is entrusted to Department of Engineers, al front of which the Ing was Found. Pedro Benoit. With respect to the architectural face, May 6, 1881 a Decree called to international contest for the project of the four main buildings: House of Government, Legislature, city Hall and Cathedral. The name of the new capital treated in session of the Camera of Legislators of the Province in April of 1882. The senator Jos? Hern?ndez, author of the Martin Iron, proposed the name of The Silver. It supported its position in historic considerations, keeping in mind that the region had called itself Virreynato of the River of the Silver and Provinces you United of the River of the Silver. November 19, 1882, does not only signify the placement of the basis of a new city, but also the longing for its creator that it was symbol of national unity

Cathedral Our Lady of the Pains

It was projected by the Dept. of Engineers of the Prov. of Bs. Ace., al command of the Ing. Pedro Benoit, corresponding the drawings al Arq. Ernesto Meyer. For their construction they were inspiration the cathedrals of Amiens (France) and that of Cologne (Germany). It presents a style neog?tico. The stone fundacional was placed in 1884, being situated the minutes of foundation in a ballot box of crystal along with silver currencies and bronze, cards and a medal with the image of the Pope Lion XII; the same one is found in a box of black marble in which was recorded "ANNO DOMINI 1884". December 22, 1901 was inaugurated the Chapel Our Lady of the Pains, which was knocked down in the fiftieth anniversary of the city; beginning to function the Cathedral as Temple November 19, 1932, respected like inaugural date. Measures: Sup. Total cover: 5300 meters. Square. Long interior: 106 meters. Wide outside in the transepto: 76 meters. Wide total of the aisles: 13 meters. Interior height of the flashlight: 46 meters. Long exterior: 120 meters. Wide interior in the transepto: 67 meters. Wide of the greater ship: 13 meters. Height of the greater ship: 37 meters. Height projected of the towers: 111 meters. Interior: it Is notable the beauty of its flat, pulido to mirror, carried out in coming granite stone: of 0lavarria (pink), Calamuchita (black) and San Luis (gray). It possesses 89 ventanales, of which 37 they are vitraux, (German and French origin) and they represent al Old and al New Testament. The confessionals are four, carried out in oak tree of Slovenia by Shenke. It counts on innumerable sizes of wood, carried out by the sculptor tirol?s I Read Moroder. The Chorus of Canons is emphasized, carried out by the Hnos. Malknecht. In the Crypt, the grave of the Dr. Dart is found Rocha, and of its wife Paula Trick. The construction demanded 47 years, although currently itself is not found finished. From beginnings of 1990 a task of conservation is carries out, restoration and rejerarquizaci?n of the building. The first work in the framework of this project was: the arts center Cathedral, that occupies the subsoil of the building, integrated among others things by the Museum of the Cathedral. Other works already finalized and in sight are the accesses to disabled, the reconstituci?n of the Baptistry and the renewal of the gardens (where the images of the Patroness from the city are found the Immaculate Conception, and that of San Ponciano). For the restoration of the outside a historic diagnosis of the material was carried out with which was built, for the purpose that the one that be utilized for said end be similar. In the framework of the overhaul was concluded in a craft task in 1a needle of the temple; while itself continuous with the process of recovery of the tower, expects in recent months (1998) the lifting of the lateral towers. By the end of 1994 was respected among the ten most important cathedrals of the world. Its name was inscripto in the Basilica of San Pedro, in the Vatican one, Italy.

Pedro Benoit (1836 - 1897) responsible for the Lay

It was born in Buenos Aires in the neighborhood of San Telmo, son of the Arq. Pierre Benoit and of Maria Josefa of the Mercy Laws. To it is owed him the creation of the Holy School Catalina where the first Argentine surveyors they were formed, the works of correction and channeling of the Stream and the layout of the city of The Silver, whose geometric perfection praised the largest town planners of the world. Also they were theirs the plans of the Cathedral of La Plata and the layout of the cooperatives of Quilmes, San Pedro, Mercy and Mary magdalene, among others. Besides it projected and directed in The Silver the construction of the building of the Treasury Department, the Department of Police, the Hospital Melchor Romero, the Astronomical Observatory and the Church San Ponciano.

  • Last visit to La Plata: Oct 2005
  • Intro Updated Jul 24, 2007
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