"Apollonia - the Crusader Fortress" Tel Arshaf by FruitLover

Tel Arshaf Travel Guide: 10 reviews and 19 photos

Apollonia is located on a cliff that stretches th length of the Sharon coast. The cliff is composed of Kurkar [calcareous sandstone], red loam and sand. At the top of the cliff, high above a small natural anchorage, people first settled some 2,500 years ago. Thus began the fascinating history of Apollonia.

The first settlement on this site was founded by the Phoenicians at the sixth century BCE [the Persian period]. The Phoenicians called the place Arsuf after one of their deities, RESHEF, god of war and storms.

During the Hellenistic period, between the 4th to the 1st centuries BCE, the residents of Arsuf identified Reshef with the god APOLLO, and therefore renamed their city APOLLONIA.

to make a long story short:
in 1099 CE, after the fall of Jerusalem to the Crusaders, they turned their attention to Arsuf. 2 years later, Crusader King Baldwin the first conquered the city with the aid of the Genoan fleet. The Crusaders renamed the city ARSOUR. Mameluke Sultan Bibars put an end to the city at 1265 CE. He forced the defenders of the city to destroy and burn it.

  • Last visit to Tel Arshaf: Apr 2004
  • Intro Updated Jan 21, 2007
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Reviews (12)

Comments (4)

  • angiebabe's Profile Photo
    Aug 27, 2008 at 3:29 AM

    Ive enjoyed yr info and photos thanks Avi (why have they all got half a star on them?!). Lovely with the flowers growing around the site as well.

  • Faiza-Ifrah's Profile Photo
    May 31, 2006 at 7:53 PM

    when i was surfing on these pages i remembered watching a very good movie sometime ago named kingdom of heaven. you have explained historic site very well :-)

  • orlikins's Profile Photo
    May 5, 2006 at 8:28 AM

    it looks lovely!

  • budapest8's Profile Photo
    Jan 27, 2006 at 8:20 AM

    Just doing my Surf and Rate time and came across your pages! Very interesting, I traveled extensively in Israel but don`t think I visited Tel Arshaf. Visit my Pushkin, Pecs or Budapest pages. Shalom. Tim

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