"Zurich - Switzerland..." Switzerland by ANACONDA2
Switzerland Travel Guide: 14,145 reviews and 41,834 photos
Numerous lake-side settlements from the Neolithic and Bronze age have been found, such as those in the Zürich Pressehaus and Zürich Mozartstrasse. The settlements were found in the 1800s, submerged in Zurichsee, or Lake Zurich.
In Roman times, Turicum was a tax-collecting point for goods entering the imperial province of Raetia by river. The earliest record of the town's name is preserved on a tombstone found in the eighteenth century on Lindenhof, referring to the Roman castle as STA(tio) TUR(i)CEN(sis).
A Carolingian castle, built on the site of the Roman castle by the grandson of Charlemagne, Louis the German, is mentioned in 835 ("in castro Turicino iuxta fluvium Lindemaci"). Louis also founded the Fraumünster abbey in 853 for his daughter Hildegard. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority.
In 1045, King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, and the mint coins, and thus effectively made the abbess the ruler of the city.
General view showing Grossmünster church.Zürich became reichsunmittelbar in 1218 with the extinction of the main line of the Zähringer family. Emperor Frederick II promoted the abbess of the Fraumünster to the rank of a duchess in 1234. The abbess assigned the mayor, and she frequently delegated the minting of coins to citizens of the city. However, the political power of the convent slowly waned in the fourteenth century, beginning with the establishment of the Zunftordnung (guild laws) in 1336 by Rudolf Brun, who also became the first independent mayor, i.e. not assigned by the abbess.
The Codex Manesse, a major source of medieval German poetry, was written and illustrated in the early 14th century in Zürich.
Zürich joined the Swiss confederation (which at that point was a loose confederation of de facto independent states) as the fifth member in 1351. Zürich was expelled from the confederation in 1440 due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg (the Old Zürich War). Zürich was defeated in 1446, and re-admitted to the confederation in 1450.
Zwingli started the Swiss reformation at the time when he was the main preacher in Zürich. He lived there from 1518 until his death in 1531
Liechtenstein –at a glance
Area:160 square kilometers
Municipalities:11, Capital Vaduz
Neighbouring countries:Switzerland and Austria
National Day:15 August
System of State:Constitutional hereditary monarchy on a democratic and parliamentary basis
Head of State:H.S.H. Prince Hans-Adam II. of Liechtenstein
Parliament:25 Members of Parliament
Government:Prime Minister OtmarHaslerand four other members, appointed by Reigning Prince for four years at the suggestion of the Parliament.
Heidi by Johanna Spyri - the story about the girl from the Alps - is Switzerland's
most popular piece of literature and known all over the world.
She often walked to Rofels and on the Alp Ochsenberg above Maienfeld (nowadays called Heidialp-Cottage). She could not help but be fascinated by nature, the mountain world and by life in this unique landscape.
Relive Johanna Spyr'is Heidi story where it happened: in the "Heididorf" village and house, now a centre and museum, nearby Maienfeld.
Follow the marked Heidi trail through an idyllic scenery to Heidalp, via Heididorf and past the Heidi fountain.
Near Maienfeld in Graubünden.
How to get there:
By car: motorway A13 direction San Bernardino, exit Maienfeld. Parking spaces in the village.
By train: Zurich-Sargans-Maienfeld.
Open daily from March to November 10 am to 5 pm (Heidihouse).
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