"Dachau" Top 5 Page for this destination Dachau by mindcrime
Dachau Travel Guide: 171 reviews and 481 photos
Dachau is a mid size town of Germany, located in Upper Bavaria, about 20km NW of Munich.
Dachau probably comes from the celtic Dahuuna as Celts settled here in 1000BC but the town of Dachau probably founded in 8th century. After 12th century Dachau became the summer residence for some Bavarian royals. During 16th century Dachau Palace was built but demolished in early 19th century except some parts that can be seen even in our days. In late 19th century Dachau became the base for many artists.
I guess noone would ever know or write VT pages about this old medieval town if it wasn?t the area where the Nazis built the infamous Dachau concentration camp in 1933 (actually it was the first one that worked as a prototype for many others that follow). Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau was ordered by Heinrich Himmler (one of the most powerful leaders of Nazis) first to house political prisoners and then roma people, homosexuals, jews, catholic and orthodox priests and people from every country Nazis occupied during WWII
200,000 people passed the gates of Dachau, officially about 32,000 died here (many of starvation, malnutrition and diseases like typhus but many others also got shot, hung or just took part in cruel medical experiments that were part of the nazi?s vicious campaign while others transferred to other camps and faced murder with poison gas (there was a gas chamber in Dachau but never used) because Dachau wasn?t built as death camp like Auschwitz.
The camp liberated by US army on april 1945, that day there were 32,000 inmates inside the camp. Some camp guards were killed after liberation by American soldier but also by prisoners? hands. Until 1948 the camp was used as a prison for SS officers. After 1960 it was closed and there was a big discussion if they should keep it or not but many survivors wanted to return, to build memorials etc
In our days apart from numerous memorials it houses a museum. It is open daily 9.00-17.00 with no entrance fee but its worth to pay 3 euros for the useful audio guide. We travelled there on a cold winter morning from Munich. Visiting a place like this is on the heavy side, its better to know a bit about and if you have small children you better skip it.
We passed the gates with the famous phrase ?Works makes you free?, we spent 2 hours inside the small museum (it houses information about nazi policy, the camps all over germany, photographs, drawings of inmates, statistics, items etc) and then we visited some of the barracks, the original barracks have been demolished but they reconstructed two of them so the visitors to see how it was. We also saw the memorials and monuments and finally ended up at the crematoriums (they are located outside the camp). The truth is that some people get dissapointed from their visit in Dachau because it looks like a regular summer camp or something with all these new constructions, the clean grounds with green grass etc but that's not the point here, it's not the place itself, it is what happened so the people to remember and not forget...
When we left we had a lot to talk about, definitely not an easy place to visit?.
Unfortunately the low temperatures didn?t allow us to spend some time in the town of Dachau. What we saw was just what... more travel advice
At the back side of the camp (near the crematoriums) we saw a sad statue that was created in memory to all the people... more travel advice
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- "Welcome to Dachau: the beginning of the end"
- "To Honor the Dead, and to Remind the Living"
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- "Dachau, even the name evokes horror..."
- "The former SS concentration camp"
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