"YAZD: The desert Jewel" Yazd by hydronetta
Yazd Travel Guide: 129 reviews and 431 photos
The city of Yazd, and hasa a population of 450,000 Yazd today is one of Iran's industrial centers for textiles, ceramics, construction materials industry and the home of the largest manufacturer of fibre optics in Iran. A significant portion of the population is also employed in agriculture and dairy manufacturing.
Yazd is is located at 1203 m. above sea-level and situated in a valley, where Dasht-e Kavir and the Dasht-e Lut desert meet underneath Shir Kuh, the tallest mountain in the region at 4075 m. above sea level. The climate is generally very dry, with cold winters and hot summers (Temperatures of 40°C in the summer and -20°C in the winter have been recorded)
History of Yazd dates back to around 3000 years BC when it was called Ysatis, and was then part of the domain of Medes, an ancient settler of Iran. The present city name, however, may have been derived from Yazdegerd I, a Sassanid ruler. And was by then a Zoroastrian centre. After the Islamic conquest of Persia, many Zoroastrians fled to Yazd from neighbouring provinces. Due to its distance from important capitals and its harsh natural surrounding, Yazd remained intact to destruction from wars (even from Genghis Khan in the early 1200 AD), therefore it kept many of its original old city, traditions, and architecture until recent times.
It was visited by Marco Polo in 1272 who remarked on the city's fine silk weaving industry
For a brief period, Yazd was the capital of Atabakan and Muzaffarid dynasties (14th Century AD). During Qajar dynasty (18th Century AD) it was ruled by the Bakhtiari Khans.
Yazd is of foremost importance as a centre of Persian architecture:
-The old city, built almost entirely out of adobe that stays the same since ancient times plus adorable desert residential mansions
-The largest networks of qanats (underground water canals) in the world
-Numerous magnificent badgirs (windcatchers) and yakhchals (ice houses), the latter of which were used to store ice retrieved from glaciers the nearby mountains.
-The holy shrine or Zoroastrianism plus impressive islamic architecture
-Interesting surroundings for a day tour
So, join my tour to this nice city...
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Latest: May 24, 2013