"Half Europe half Asia" Istanbul by draguza

Istanbul Travel Guide: 8,072 reviews and 20,961 photos

Located at the point, where the Golden Horn flows into the Bosporus, riding on two continents, Asia and Europe, Istanbul is considered one of the most famous and fascinating cities in the world - a great metropolis during the entire course of its ancient history

History of Istanbul began with the Greek settlement "Byzantium", founded in 657 BC. After its destruction, the Roman emperor Constantine the Great erected a new city on the walls of Byzantium, with the intention to create a "Roma Nova" (New Rome). In 330 AD he declared the city the capital of his empire and rechristened it "Constantinople". In 1453 the Osmane sultan Mehmed II conquered the city, gave it the name "Istanbul" and made the legendary metropolis the centre of his empire.

Istanbul was the centre and mirror of two world empires and two world religions for 16 centuries and has kept the most significant testimonies from each era.

  • Last visit to Istanbul: Dec 1993
  • Intro Updated May 9, 2016
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  • marsistanbul's Profile Photo
    Dec 28, 2008 at 12:33 AM

    during the Subway construction works of Marmara Tunnel at the historic peninsula(European side)in 2008,the history of her totally changed,and dating from circa 6500 B.C has been discovered..


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