"Edirne - Near the Bulgarian border" Top 5 Page for this destination Edirne by Willettsworld
Edirne Travel Guide: 85 reviews and 466 photos
Edirne is located about 225km north-west of Istanbul close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. The area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges, from the days of the ancient Greeks and has been quoted as "the most contested spot on the globe". The city was founded as Hadrianopolis, named for the Roman Emperor Hadrian but was known in English as Adrianople. Licinius was defeated here by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths in 378 during the Battle of Adrianople. In 813 the city was seized by Khan Krum of Bulgaria who moved its inhabitants to the Bulgarian lands towards the north of the Danube. During the existence of the Latin Empire of Constantinople, the Crusaders were decisively defeated by the Bulgarian Emperor Kaloyan in the battle of Adrianople (1205). Later Theodore Komnenos, Despot of Epirus, took possession of it in 1227. Following its capture by the Ottoman Sultan Murad I in 1365, Edirne served as the capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1365 to 1453 when Constantinople (Istanbul) became the empire's new capital.
Edirne is the largest town in European Turkey outside Istanbul and boasts some wonderful architectural delights; chief of which is the Selimiye Mosque. It is simply unavoidable as it's four huge minarets, (which are said to be the second highest in the world after the Qutb Minar in Delhi), soar 70-meters into the sky. The mosque was commissioned by Sultan Selim II and was built by architect Mimar Sinan between 1568 and 1574. It was considered by Sinan to be his masterpiece and is one of the highest achievements of Islamic architecture. Other attractions include the Edirne Archaeology & Ethnography Museum, Three Balconies Mosque, and Old Mosque which lies opposite the Selimiye Mosque. Just outside the town lies the Sultan II Bayezid Kulliyesi Mosque which is a 15th century mosque complex that features a museum on health. The town centre is rather pleasant with some lovely old houses and a nice pedestrianised shopping street but the outskirts of the city look quite rough. I came here from Istanbul and spent a night here before heading to the Gallipoli peninsula but you may be able to cram in the major sights as part of a day trip from Istanbul.
This award winning museum is located in the hospital and Quran school of the Sultan II Bayezid Kulliyesi, which itself... more travel advice
This Ottoman Bridge lies to the south of town and dates from 1615. more travel advice
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