"Portugal" Portugal by Twan
Portugal Travel Guide: 20,796 reviews and 60,597 photos
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa), is a country in southwestern Europe. It is the only neighboring country with Spain, Portugal in the north and east boundary, and the British enclave of Gibraltar to the Iberian Peninsula. In the south and west borders Portugal, a decidedly maritime country, on the Atlantic Ocean. Until Portugal also includes the archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira in the ocean. On a territory of 91,982 km ² - three times the size of Belgium and more than twice the size of the Netherlands - living 10.7 million. The capital and largest city of the country is Lisbon.
The history of the State of Portugal goes back to medieval times: 1139, during the Reconquista, is seen as the year when the country became independent. In the early modern era grew out of the country to the Portuguese Empire, a world power that overseas territories in Africa, Asia and South America included. In subsequent centuries the empire took off in size in 1999 was the transfer of Macau to China put an end to the colonial possessions. In the 20th century, Portugal was a dictatorship for several decades.
Although Portugal is among the poorest countries in Europe belongs, it is a developed country in the life quality index (19th) and the Global Peace Index (14th) Portugal is among the top 20. Politically the country is a parliamentary republic. The country is a member of many international organizations including UN, NATO, OECD and the EU. In 2002 the euro replaced the escudo as its national currency.
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