"Garden city of India" Top 5 Page for this destination State of Karnataka by Justin_goa

State of Karnataka Travel Guide: 1,274 reviews and 3,180 photos

Facts

Located on the Mysore Plateau in southwestern Karnataka, Bangalore has an estimated metropolitan population of 6.1 million (2006), making it India's third-largest city and fifth-largest metropolitan area. Though historical references to the city predate 900 CE, a written history of continuous settlement exists only from 1537, when Kempe Gowda I, whom many regard as the architect of modern Bangalore, built a mud fort in the city and established it as a province of the Vijayanagara Empire.

During the British Raj, Bangalore developed as a center for colonial rule in South India. The establishment of the Bangalore Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrant Tamil, Telugu and North Indian workers for developing and maintaining the infrastructure of the cantonment.[3] The city's temperate climate, which is milder than those of other cities in the country, has been a major attraction to people from other parts of India.

History

The inscription stone found near Begur reveals, that the district was part of the Ganga kingdom ruled from Gangavadi until 1004 and was known as 'Benga-val-oru', the City of Guards in old Kannada. The Cholas of Tamil Nadu captured the city in 1015 AD and collected taxes through the local chieftans until 1116.

After conquering the Sultanate of Bijapur, the Mughals then conquered Bangalore, which was then ruled by Shivaji's brother Vyankoji Bhonsale as a jagir (fief) of Bijapur in 1686; Vyankoji retreated further south.

When Hyder Ali died, his son Tipu Sultan deposed the weak Wodeyar, proclaimed himself Sultan and renamed the kingdom the Sultanate of Khodadad (Khodadad or Khudadad means "given by God").

Upon the passing of Tipu Sultan, the Wodeyars returned to the throne of Mysore, and therefore Bangalore, although only as figureheads. Bangalore remained part of British East India until Indian independence in August, 1947.

Bangalore is a former British military cantonment that expanded after 1881. The names of many of its streets are derived from military nomenclature — Artillery Road, Brigade Road, Infantry Road and Cavalry Road. The South Parade (now known as Mahatma Gandhi Road, was to the south of the Parade Ground. A resident to the Kings of Mysore lived within the cantonment area and his quarters was called the Residency and hence the name Residency Road.

Around 1883, three developments were added to the cantonment — Richmond Town, Benson Town and Cleveland Town. Today the metropolitan area extends from the Peenya Industrial Area in the west to Indiranagar and Whitefield in the east; from Yelahanka Town in the north, to J.P. Nagar in the south.

In the 1960's and 1970's an elite neighborhood was developed in the former gardens of the Bangalore Palace, now called Sadhashivnagar. The area is now home to many of the wealthy members of Bangalore society, celebrities and politicians.

  • Last visit to State of Karnataka: Feb 2006
  • Intro Updated Jul 11, 2006
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