"Keelung - Port and Gateway to Taipei" Chilung by MikeAtSea

Chilung Travel Guide: 45 reviews and 138 photos

Keelung City is a major port city situated in the northeastern part of Taiwan. It borders Taipei County and forms the Taipei-Keelung metropolitan area, along with the City and County of Taipei. Nicknamed the Rainy Port for its frequent rain and maritime role, the city is Taiwan's second largest seaport after Kaohsiung.Keelung was first inhabited by the Ketagalan, a tribe of Taiwanese aborigine. Its first contact with the west was with the Spanish in the early 17th century, who built a fort in Keelung as an outpost of the Manila-based Spanish East Indies. From 1642 to 1661 and 1663-1668, Keelung was under Dutch control. The Dutch East India Company took over the Spanish Fort San Salvador at Santissima Trinidad. They reduced its size and renamed it Fort Noort-Holland. The Dutch had three more minor fortifications in Keelung and also a little school and a preacher. When Ming Dynasty loyalist Koxinga successfully attacked the Dutch in the South of Taiwan, the crew of the Keelung forts fled to the Dutch trading post in Japan. The Dutch came back in 1663 and re-occupied and strengthened their earlier forts. However, trade with China through Keelung was not what they hoped it would be and, in 1668, they left voluntarily.
In 1863, the Qing Empire opened up Keelung as a trading port.
The Keelung Campaign was an important subsidiary campaign in the Sino-French War. The French occupied Keelung from 1 October 1884 to 22 June 1885, and several battles were fought during this period between Liu Ming-ch'uan's Army of Northern Formosa and Colonel Jacques Duchesne's Formosa Expeditionary Corps.
A systematic city development started during the Japanese Era, after the 8 May 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, which handed all Taiwan over to Japan, went into force.
Today Keelung is the principal port of Northern Taiwan as it is only about 30 minutes drive to Taiwan's capital Taipei.

Many visitors, as did I will arrive in Keelung by cruiseship as it has become a popular cruise destination to explore Northern Taiwan, Taipei or Keelung with its many attraction itself.
A must see is the Night Market - a colourful, busy and bustling affair that attracts people from Taiwan and many tourists.

  • Last visit to Chilung: Apr 2009
  • Intro Written Jul 12, 2009
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Reviews (14)

Comments (3)

  • SLLiew's Profile Photo
    Jul 16, 2009 at 11:41 AM

    Great page of Chilung. So many things to see in Taiwan.

  • b1bob's Profile Photo
    Jul 13, 2009 at 9:32 AM

    Nice commentary. I especially liked the day and night markets as well as the geo park.

  • THLIN's Profile Photo
    Jul 13, 2009 at 5:43 AM

    I miss this little city since I was there for three years during my secondary school... Thanks for sharing!

MikeAtSea

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