"From Ancient Desert of Cholistan to Great Kalahari" Kanjoo's Profile


i am Ahmed, family name is Kanjoo, i work in Bloemfontein, South Africa, born in the city of Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan, and the locality is actually Seraikistan (which is being denied), which is integral part of great ancient indus valley civilization. my mother tongue is seraiki which is the one of the sweetest spoken dialect of this planet; instead of Seraiki i can fluently speak sindhi, punjabi, hindi, urdu and english also a little bit of Pashto and persian. i'm addict of traveling. i wish to explore the hidden heritage of whole world and to know the difference between religions and cultures. however i don’t have any other hobby instead of traveling but i sometimes love to chat on the internet.


i am a farmer, i own a mango farm, situated almost 10 km from the city of Rahim Yar Khan. also voluntarily involved in the political struggle for the rights of my community with political organization named, Seraiki National Party.


i hope all of you would certainly be familiar with latest term known as "Travel Time Sharing" so if anyone is interested in exploring Indus Valley they are welcome to visit me and explore on basis of travel time sharing, i will provide them house accommodation with my family, simple meals and sightseeing and they just need to arrange air tickets up to here themselves with the promise return time sharing anytime in future, but we can talk about it later on through VT or chat.


i’ve traveled extensively in my country, and all of the bordering countries. my first visit outside Pakistan was to India in 1997, where i participated in the golden jubilee celebrations of independence of india, and than have visited India again in 2001 and 2002, i went to Afghanistan twice also in 2002, and my last night of last millennium and first day of new millennium was in thailand’s capital city Bangkok, i went to Iran first time with the group of cousins in 1999 and than again in 2003 and than i went to South Africa twice in year 2003 for the cricket world cup. Iran is number one country among all of the places i have visited so far. however there are lots of countries with better infrastructures, nightlife, landscapes, historical places i been but iran as a country and Iranian as a nation is my number one. little detail of my experiences in such countries can be seen in my albums.

My Physical Contact:


Email: seraiki@gmail.com

(My Desert) Desert of cholistan in Indus Valley

The basin of river Indus in Pakistan was the first cradle of life in the sub-continent. This great culture which emerged over two thousand years B.C. is spread over from the fertile plain of Seraikistan to the lower course of Indus in Sindh as far as the sea. This basin is divided from that of Ganges by a desert known as Cholistan in Bahawalpur division and thar in Sindh. It is a part of gret Indian desert called “Marsthali” or region of death.

The Cholistan which occupies about two third’s area of present Bahawalpur division extends over some 10000 square miles. Administratively Cholistan is divided between the three districts of Bahawalpur division: Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan. To its north and west is river Sutlej, to its east and south lies the desert region of Rajasthan, while its south western boundary is bounded by the desert region of the province of Sindh.

River Indus

River Indus has not changed its path for almost 800 years while passing through from the one end of Cholistan. here in this pic I am the one wearing the red clothes around me. we called it "ajrak" a men's traditional wear of Indus Valley.

People & Lifestyle of Cholistan

Most of ppl live their lives in nomadic ways, roaming here and there in search of waters in summer.

Cholistan is a deep mass of sand in which wells fail to reach a substratum of clay, and which at some places overlaid with deposits of amorphous sulphate of lime, while its succession of sand-dunes, rising in places to a hight of 500 feet, and the covered with vegetation peculiar to other sandy tracts of Punjab and Sindh. Cholistan separated from the central tract of Bahawalpur division by depression called “Hakra” which must at one time have carried waters of a large river. About this depression Bahawalpur state gazetter says: “That the course of each of the great rivers has been changed within historical times is conceded on all sides, but the precise nature of those changes has been the subject of controversy and still remain undecided. The main question is as to what river flowed in the great depression, called the “hakra”, which forms the south-eastern frontier of the state (now division), separating if from Rajpootana desert and the state of Jaisalmer”

Snake Charmers (jogi)

These are the real travelers of this lovely desert, and then visit cities to perform the snakes to dance to make their living. And walk here and their during the entire summer to catch snakes.

the occupation of a snake charmer is not really as hazardous as it seems. the snakes, which are found throughout cholistan, usually inhabit disused anthills, and are easily captured since they are extremely slow moving. the cobra belongs to the family elapidae, which consists entirely of poisonous snakes. no snake charmer in his right mind would play around with such a reptile so the first step is to remove the poison glands which are located in the snake"s head.

the great pair of needle-like fangs, which can usually deliver a dose of poison quite capable of killing a man if left untreated, are robbed of their deadly venom and the cobra becomes virtually harmless. this may seem rather cruel to some, especially since it robs the cobra of its most effective means of killing the animals it feeds on.

the snake does not really dance to the tune of the charmer"s flute. all snakes have a very poor sense of hearing since they have no external ear or eardrum. however, the inner ear is well developed and the snake may be able to pick up the flute"s vibrations along the ground, even if it cannot hear them through the air.

the raising of its body and the flattening of the head are warning signs to perceived enemies to stay away and the occasional strike towards the snake charmer occurs only when he gets too close for the snakes"s comfort.
some snake charmers also display non-poisonous pythons, which are also common in Cholistani desert. these reptiles are not as popular as the cobra since they do not stand erect or dance and are not as glamorous, but can be quite dangerous if they coil themselves around a person"s body. however, they are usually safe since they are sluggish when well fed, and since pythons go for weeks or even months between meals, feeding them is not a problem

Cholistan Handi Craft

women in Cholistan mostly works from houses (however sometimes do work in the fields too) but mostly stich different sorts of things in houses like, bed spread, sheets, pillow covers etc. and the handi craft is so beautiful that sometimes buyers feel guilty of putting such on beds or using for the pupose it is made rather framed the things and put on walls.

Faces of Cholistan

Cholistan girls are fond of jewlery and colors, the population is mixed almost 50% muslim and same number of Marwari tribes of Hindus in Cholistan.

Rahim Yar Khan Yesterday and Today

The city of Rahim Yar Khan is one of the few cities in the world that are still at their pioneering places since the formation like London and Damascus. It has been renamed customarily amid last 5000 years, first available (on record) name was AROR or ALOR, and then it became City of Pattan, Phul Wada, Noshehra and now Rahim Yar Khan. The ancient tower of Pattan Minara is standing just 13 km away from city center in the south in its original form however the surrounding lands on its very verge have been allotted to army personnel and settlers for agriculture purpose, and the water for nurturing of lands is damaging the underground pedestal of this great monument and the tower has been entering in the surface gradually. As the ruling clique or administrating authority doesnt belong to the area nor have any interest with the culture of thousand years old most civilized nation (of its time) of Indus Valley, they are allotting the lands to settlers who dont care the historical heritage, culture, traditions and living styles of inhabitants but their tummies. The monument of Pattan Minara was the most remarkable primordial water route of great Indus valley civilization over the Ghaghra/Hacra River in the days of yore. Traditions assert that the city in the days of its prosperity extended over a hundred square miles. The ancient name of city of Pattan is Alor or Aror, which was the capital of Mousicanus, who, after a brief submission to Alexander revolted and was crucified in 325 B.C. In the 10th century Pattan was rebuilt by the Sumras, whose capital it remained for a long time and renamed it as Phul Wada. According to legends the city of Pattan destroyed due to the wickedness of woman.Virtually two third of district Rahim Yar Khan is covered by the desert of Cholistan or Rohi. Administratively Cholistan is divided between three districts of Bahawalpur division: Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan. Becuz of its warm climate Cholistan is also the domain of most deadly snakes. In all about sixty varieties are found. (Sah-Pivna) or Breath Sucker is supposed to be the most dangerous snake and subject of curious beliefs. It is said not to bite in day time even if held in hand, but at night it crawls in a sleeper's breast and poison its breath (by mingling its breath with that of its victim), striking him with sleeper;s side with its tail, so that awaking he may find no weapon to hand. People in Cholistan usually sleep with a lamp burning in the houses as Sah-Pivna is said to be afriand of light. However, the most delightful aspect of Cholistan is its bird life. The country abounds in birds, such as pigions, peacocks, crows, mynas and larks etc. but the migrant Houbara bustards can also be found after October, which attract hankering hunters from gulf and around the world to the region. Rahim Yar Khan is the capital city of district Rahim Yar Khan. It is striking nucleus extent city located on the south-western verge Punjab, bordering exquisite Rajhastan in south and Sindh in west. City's population is just under three hundred thousand while district have over 3 million. Virtually 40% of people in the region are settlers from Punjab, which occupied nigh on all civil services of all level and commerce of the city, and they have been allotted massive magnitude of rural lands while the denizens are living in peasantry. The district contains four tehsils (cities) "Sadik-a-Bad, Rahim Yar Khan, Liakat Pur and Khan Pur" and ten sub-tehsils (towns). Agriculture is the core source of revenue and the district has quite enormously rich cultivating lands. Cotton is the main crop of district but wheat, rice and sugar cane are also cultivated immensely. Mangoes and cotton goods are main export to the western countries and gulf. Right now Rahim Yar Khan is connected with the world by an international airport, 3rd generation of mobile phone technology and internet. It has bustling bazaars, educational institutes and health centers.

  • Intro Updated May 18, 2012
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Ahmed Mustafa Kanjoo
Bloemfontein, South Africa
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Sep 23, 2004

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